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1. Serotonin (5-HT) induced a linear increase in paw weight in rats within 1 hr of an intraplantar injection (50 microliters vol) over a concentration range of 0.005-0.2 mg/ml. At the 0.2 mg/ml concentration, a 16-fold increase in paw weight was observed as compared to saline-injected controls. 2. Serotonin antagonists, such as LY53857, were the most(More)
Representative non-steroidal estrogens, from common environmental sources such as plants, pesticides, surfactants, plastics, and animal health products, demonstrated an ability to lower serum cholesterol and prevent bone loss. Specifically, select environmental estrogens (coumestrol, genistein, methoxychlor, bisphenol A, and zeranol) effectively lowered(More)
Emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases of zoonotic origin like highly pathogenic avian influenza pose a significant threat to human and animal health due to their elevated transmissibility. Identifying the drivers of such viruses is challenging, and estimation of spatial diffusion is complicated by the fact that the variability of viral spread from(More)
We present results from a dynamical study of the high redshift, massive, X-ray luminous galaxy cluster MS1054–03. We significantly increase the number of confirmed cluster members by adding 20 to an existing set of twelve; using the confirmed members, we estimate MS1054–03's redshift, velocity dispersion, and mass. We find that z = 0.8329 ± 0.0017, σ = 1170(More)
Ancestral state reconstructions in Bayesian phylogeography of virus pandemics have been improved by utilizing a Bayesian stochastic search variable selection (BSSVS) framework. Recently, this framework has been extended to model the transition rate matrix between discrete states as a generalized linear model (GLM) of genetic, geographic, demographic, and(More)
Simulations of physical phenomena are essential to the expedient design of precision components in aerospace and other high-tech industries. These phenomena are often described by mathematical models involving partial differential equations (PDEs) without exact solutions. Modern design problems require simulations with a level of resolution that is(More)
The annual influenza vaccine is one of the most common public health interventions and is universally recommended for all individuals older than six months. Vaccine composition depends on viruses circulating over the past flu season and are estimated to be the most prevalent and representative strains in the current season. Here, we use clinical data(More)
Bioinformatics and phylogeography models use viral sequence data to analyze spread of epidemics and pandemics. However, few of these models have included analytical methods for testing whether certain predictors such as population density, rates of disease migration, and climate are drivers of spatial spread. Understanding the specific factors that drive(More)
Continuous phylogeography is a growing approach to studying the spatiotemporal origins of RNA viruses because of its realistic spatial reconstruction advantages over discrete phylogeography. While the generalized linear model has been demonstrated as an effective tool for simultaneously assessing the drivers impacting viral diffusion in discrete(More)
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