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CONTEXT It is unclear whether endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery (ETSS) or microsurgical transsphenoidal surgery (MTS) is a superior surgical approach for pituitary adenomas. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to compare the outcome of surgery with ETSS and MTS by experienced pituitary surgeons using criteria of remission using current consensus(More)
Giant (>4 cm) pituitary macroadenomas often require surgery to decompress the optic nerves. Compared with traditional open or transsphenoidal microscopic methods, the extended endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach offers the potential for aggressive resection via a minimal access corridor. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to(More)
OBJECT Endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery is expanding in acceptance, yet postoperative CSF leak rates remain a concern. This study presents the Cornell closure protocol, which has yielded significantly lower postoperative CSF leak rates compared with prior reports, as an algorithm that can be used by centers having difficulty with CSF leak. METHODS A(More)
Rathke's cleft cyst (RCC) is a rare lesion of the pituitary gland that is often asymptomatic. The objective of this study was to further characterise the presenting symptoms, endocrinopathy and potential for recurrence of this lesion in an Australian population. The files of 12 patients with pathologically confirmed RCCs were reviewed retrospectively.(More)
Research on Alzheimer's disease led to the identification of a novel proteolytic mechanism in all metazoans, the presenilin/gamma-secretase complex. This unique intramembrane-cleaving aspartyl protease is required for the normal processing of Notch, Jagged, beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP), E-cadherin, and many other receptor-like proteins. We recently(More)
BACKGROUND The current management paradigm for clival chordomas includes cytoreductive surgery with adjuvant radiotherapy. Surgical approaches have traditionally utilized the microscope to remove these lesions through approaches that require extensive bone drilling, brain retraction, and mobilization of normal anatomy to create a suitably large corridor.(More)
OBJECTIVE Craniopharyngiomas have traditionally represented a challenge for open transcranial or transsphenoidal microscopic neurosurgery because of their anatomical location and proximity to vital neurovascular structures. The extended endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach has been more recently developed as a potentially surgically aggressive, yet(More)
OBJECT Atypical (WHO Grade II) meningiomas comprise a heterogeneous group of tumors, with histopathology delineated under the guidance of the WHO and a spectrum of clinical outcomes. The role of postoperative radiotherapy for patients with atypical meningiomas who have undergone gross-total resection (GTR) remains unclear. In this paper, the authors sought(More)
OBJECTIVE Esthesioneuroblastomas represent a surgical challenge because of their anatomical location, the necessity of achieving negative margins, and the often-cosmetically disfiguring transfacial approaches needed. Recently, expanded endonasal endoscopic approaches have been developed, either alone or in combination with a craniotomy. We conducted a(More)
Vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC) maintain significant plasticity. Following environmental stimulation, SMC can alter their phenotype from one primarily concerned with contraction to a pro-inflammatory and matrix remodeling phenotype. This is a critical process behind peripheral vascular disease and atherosclerosis, a key element of cerebral aneurysm(More)