Daniel M. Pinkas

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Human transglutaminase 2 (TG2), a member of a large family of enzymes that catalyze protein crosslinking, plays an important role in the extracellular matrix biology of many tissues and is implicated in the gluten-induced pathogenesis of celiac sprue. Although vertebrate transglutaminases have been studied extensively, thus far all structurally(More)
Transglutaminase 2 (TG2) in the extracellular matrix is largely inactive but is transiently activated upon certain types of inflammation and cell injury. The enzymatic activity of extracellular TG2 thus appears to be tightly regulated. As TG2 is known to be sensitive to changes in the redox environment, inactivation through oxidation presents a plausible(More)
The discovery of a pharmacological treatment for phenylketonuria (PKU) raised new questions about function and dysfunction of phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH), the enzyme deficient in this disease. To investigate the interdependence of the genotype, the metabolic state (phenylalanine substrate) and treatment (BH(4) cofactor) in the context of enzyme function(More)
Prolyl 4-hydroxylases are ascorbate-dependent oxygenases that play key roles in a variety of eukaryotic biological processes including oxygen sensing, siRNA regulation, and collagen folding. They perform their functions by catalyzing the post-translational hydroxylation of specific proline residues on target proteins to form (2S,4R)-4-hydroxyproline. Thus(More)
Biomaterials that mimic the extracellular matrix in both modularity and crosslinking chemistry have the potential to recapitulate the instructive signals that ultimately control cell fate. Toward this goal, modular protein polymer-based hydrogels were created through genetic engineering and enzymatic crosslinking. Animal derived tissue transglutaminase(More)
Adiponectin has many beneficial effects on cardiovascular and obesity-related disorders. It is part of a class of proteins that contains short collagenous domains, along with surfactant proteins A and D, and complement protein C1q. This class of biomacromolecules requires post-translational modifications to form biologically active assemblies. By(More)
Transglutaminase 2 (TG2) is a ubiquitous enzyme which catalyzes the crosslinking of proteins via formation of epsilon-(gamma-glutamyl) lysine bonds as well as deamidation of glutamine residues to glutamate in suitable substrates. The activity of Transglutaminase 2 has been implicated in the pathology of several diseases including Celiac Disease and diseases(More)
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