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BACKGROUND Severe obesity has deleterious effects on fertility and pregnancy outcomes. Although surgery is the best long-term treatment for severe obesity, there is a risk of gestational undernutrition in operated mothers because bariatric surgery reduces nutrient availability. This is a follow-up report of our initial findings regarding pregnancy and(More)
BACKGROUND Although it has been demonstrated in short-term preparations that ischemia with early reperfusion results in coronary vascular injury manifested by abnormal endothelium-dependent relaxation and increased permeability to plasma proteins, it has not been clear whether these abnormalities are permanent or reversible. METHODS AND RESULTS In a(More)
Despite probucol's capacity to induce regression of tendinous xanthomata and reduce whole plasma and LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) in patients with hypercholesterolemia, its therapeutic use in the United States has been limited because of concern about its HDL-lowering effects. To assess the possibility that probucol might facilitate mobilization of tissue(More)
The nucleus of the solitary tract (NST) processes gustatory and related somatosensory information rostrally and general viscerosensory information caudally. To compare its connections with those of other rodents, this study in the C57BL/6J mouse provides a subnuclear cytoarchitectonic parcellation (Nissl stain) of the NST into rostral, intermediate, and(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was performed to determine the clinical results of patients with Crohns disease who require surgical resection. The outcome of patients undergoing initial surgery was compared with those having reoperation. METHODS One hundred sixty-four patients undergoing intestinal resection for Crohns disease at The Mount Sinai Hospital from 1976(More)
To understand the differences in the antiatherogenic actions of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6), we determined their incorporation into molecular species of phosphatidylcholine (PC) and cholesteryl ester (CE) after feeding 12 g marine lipid concentrate/d to six normolipidemic males for 28 d. The time course of(More)
Stress is a risk factor for chronic illnesses such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, and hypertension and has been postulated to cause the metabolic syndrome via perturbation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. In our model of early-life stress (variable foraging demand [VFD]), food insecurity is imposed on monkey mothers for 16 weeks beginning when(More)