Daniel M. Hutcheson

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The stop-signal reaction-time (SSRT) task measures inhibition of a response that has already been initiated, that is, the ability to stop. Human subjects classified as "impulsive," for example, those with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder, are slower to respond to the stop signal. Although functional and structural imaging studies in humans have(More)
Tolerance and dependence induced by chronic delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) administration were investigated in mice. The effects on body weight, analgesia and hypothermia were measured during 6 days of treatment (10 or 20 mg kg(-1) THC twice daily). A rapid tolerance to the acute effects was observed from the second THC administration. The selective(More)
The compulsive nature of heroin abuse has been attributed to the fact that drug self-administration enables an addict to escape from and avoid the severe withdrawal symptoms resulting from opiate dependence. However, studies of incentive learning under natural motivational states suggest an alternative hypothesis, that withdrawal from heroin functions as a(More)
Previous studies in metabotropic glutamate 5 receptor (mGlu5 receptor) deficient mice have indicated the importance of this receptor in the self-administration of cocaine and locomotor sensitisation to this stimulant. Both ionotropic and metabotropic receptors have been implicated in drug-seeking and drug-taking behaviours, but the specific role of each(More)
The NIH-funded CNTRICS initiative has coordinated efforts to promote the vertical translation of novel procognitive molecules from testing in mice, rats and non-human primates, to clinical efficacy in patients with schizophrenia. CNTRICS highlighted improving construct validation of tasks across species to increase the likelihood that the translation of a(More)
Rationale: Evidence has implicated the nucleus accumbens (NAcc) in drug-seeking and -taking behaviour. However, the importance of the "core" and "shell" subdivisions of the NAcc in heroin-seeking and -taking behaviour remains unclear. Objectives: To investigate the function of the NAcc core and shell in heroin self-administration and heroin-seeking(More)
The present study examined the effects of the acute intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of the selective dopamine (DA) D(3) receptor antagonist SB-277011A (10, 20 or 30 mg/kg i.p.) on the oral operant self-administration of alcohol in male C57BL/6N mice. These effects were compared with those of naltrexone (0.5, 1 and 2 mg/kg i.p.) and acamprosate (100,(More)
Preclinical evidence suggests an important role of the brain orexin system in behaviours related to drug addiction. This study aimed at assessing the effect of the orexin-1 receptor antagonist SB-334867 on aspects of psychostimulant-conditioned behaviours that are thought to contribute to the maintenance of and relapse to psychostimulant drug use. Rats were(More)
We have previously shown that the antinociceptive effects produced by the delta opioid-selective agonist deltorphin II are preserved in mu-opioid receptor (MOR)-deficient mice. We have now investigated rewarding effects and physical dependence produced by deltorphin II in these animals. Wild-type and MOR-deficient mice were implanted with a cannula into the(More)
Orexin-expressing neurons are present in hypothalamic nuclei and send projections toward mesolimbic regions such as the nucleus accumbens (NAc), a key brain region implicated in the processing of the motivational significance of reinforcers. Recent evidence found that activation of the orexin system can lead to a state of hyperarousal that may facilitate(More)