Daniel M. Byrd

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The vast majority of people living with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) have pain syndrome, which has a significant impact on their quality of life. The underlying causes of HIV-1-associated pain are not likely attributable to direct viral infection of the nervous system due to the lack of evidence of neuronal infection by HIV-1. However, HIV-1(More)
Many pathogenic enveloped viruses, including HIV-1, escape complement-mediated virolysis by incorporating host cell regulators of complement activation into their own viral envelope. The presence of complement regulators including CD59 on the external surface of the viral envelope confers resistance to complement-mediated virolysis, which may explain why(More)
This paper examines recent risk assessments for benzene and observes a number of inconsistencies within the study and consistencies between studies that should effect the quantitative determination of the risk from benzene exposure. Comparisons across studies show that only acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is found to be consistently in excess with significant(More)
Skin cancer and arsenic dermatoses (hyperkeratoses and dyspigmentation) have been observed in a three village area of Huhhot, Inner Mongolia, China, in 1991. Public health authorities have attributed the disease to arsenic in the drinking water based on their public health studies. They have conducted medical examinations of residents (n=3,228), obtained(More)
Infection with Neisseria gonorrhoeae (N. gonorrhoeae) can trigger an intense local inflammatory response at the site of infection, yet there is little specific immune response or development of immune memory. Gonococcal surface epitopes are known to undergo antigenic variation; however, this is unlikely to explain the weak immune response to infection since(More)
Autoimmune manifestations are common in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients. However, the autoantibody spectrum associated with HIV infection and the impact of antiretroviral therapy (ART) remains to be determined. The plasma autoantibody spectrum for HIV patients was characterized by protein microarrays containing 83 autoantigens and confirmed by(More)
This paper reviews 14 risk assessments that use the data from descriptions by Rinsky, Young, and co-workers of benzene-associated leukemias among a group of rubber hydrochloride workers in Ohio. The leukemogenic risks of benzene estimated in these assessments differ. The assessors use different assumptions (parameters, confounding factors, or formulas),(More)