Daniel M. Becker

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Influenza A virus, being responsible for seasonal epidemics and reoccurring pandemics, represents a worldwide threat to public health. High mutation rates facilitate the generation of viral escape mutants, rendering vaccines and drugs directed against virus-encoded targets potentially ineffective. In contrast, targeting host cell determinants temporarily(More)
New antibiotics are urgently needed to control infectious diseases. Metabolic enzymes could represent attractive targets for such antibiotics, but in vivo target validation is largely lacking. Here we have obtained in vivo information about over 700 Salmonella enterica enzymes from network analysis of mutant phenotypes, genome comparisons and Salmonella(More)
Tight regulation of the cell volume is important for the maintenance of cellular homeostasis. In a hypotonic environment, cells swell owing to osmosis. With many vertebrate cells, swelling is followed by an active reduction of volume, a process called regulatory volume decrease (RVD). A possible participant in RVD is the non-selective cation channel TRPV4,(More)
The Gram-negative strain S1, isolated from activated sludge, metabolized 4-chloro-2-methylphenol by an inducible pathway via a modifiedortho-cleavage route as indicated by a transiently secreted intermediate, identified as 2-methyl-4-carboxymethylenebut-2-en-4-olide by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Beside 4-chloro-2-methylphenol only(More)
We have investigated the electrophysiological basis of potassium inward rectification of the KAT1 gene product from Arabidopsis thaliana expressed in Xenopus oocytes and of functionally related K+ channels in the plasma membrane of guard and root cells from Vicia faba and Zea mays. The whole-cell currents passed by these channels activate, following steps(More)
Overexpression of the Activator (Ac) transposase gene in Arabidopsis thaliana resulted in a minimal germinal transposition frequency of 27% in which independent Dissociation (Ds) transposition events were observed. Molecular analysis of 45 F1 generation Ac/Ds plants indicated that high rates of somatic excision had occurred, and independent germinal(More)
Pyrrole-2-carboxylate can serve as the sole source of carbon, nitrogen, and energy for a strain tentatively identified to belong to the genus Rhodococcus. An NADH-dependent oxygenase activity was detected in cell extracts that initiated the degradation of the substrate. During purification of the enzyme, this activity was separated into two protein(More)
Functional electrical stimulation (FES) can restore control and offset atrophy to muscles after neurological injury. However, FES has not been considered as a method for enhancing CNS regeneration. This paper demonstrates that FES dramatically enhanced progenitor cell birth in the spinal cord of rats with a chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). A complete SCI(More)
The authors of this prospective, single-case study evaluated the potential for functional recovery from chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). The patient was motor complete with minimal and transient sensory perception in the left hemibody. His condition was classified as C-2 American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Grade A and he had experienced no(More)
Despite multiple attempts to document and quantify the danger of venous thromboembolism (VTE) following prolonged travel, there is still uncertainty about the magnitude of risk and what can be done to lower it. To review the methodologic strength of the literature, estimate the risk of travel-related VTE, evaluate the efficacy of preventive treatments, and(More)