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An anatomical-angiographic classification for carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas is introduced and a series of 14 patients with spontaneous carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas is reviewed to illustrate the usefulness of such a classification for patient evaluation and treatment. Fistulas are divided into four types: Type A are direct high-flow shunts between the(More)
Intradural perimedullary arteriovenous fistulas (Type IV spinal cord arteriovenous malformations (AVM's)) are rarely reported in the literature and occasionally are classified together with Type II AVM's as intradural spinal cord AVM's. The authors report eight cases of Type IV spinal cord AVM's managed over a 2-year period. Seven of these AVM's were(More)
A series of 12 patients with infectious intracranial aneurysms is presented, and a number of unusual features of the disorder are emphasized. A comparison of characteristics of the aneurysms and clinical course is made between patients with and without infective endocarditis. Most of the unusual characteristics of infectious aneurysms, including rare(More)
OBJECTIVE We describe a combined simultaneous approach to giant pituitary tumors and present a review of 10 patients undergoing this procedure with emphasis on patient selection, surgical technique, and results. METHODS A retrospective review was performed of patients who had undergone a combined, simultaneous transsphenoidal and pterional craniotomy(More)
A 58-year-old woman had Cushing's disease with elevated plasma adrenocorticotrophin and an intrasellar tumor. Light microscopy showed that the tumor was a gangliocytoma containing immunoreactive corticotrophin-releasing factor accompanied by pituitary corticotroph hyperplasia. Ultrastructural examination identified an intimate association and desmosomal(More)
OBJECTIVE Tentorial dural arteriovenous malformations (DAVMs) are uncommon lesions associated with an aggressive natural history. Controversy exists regarding their optimal treatment. We present a single-institution series of tentorial DAVMs treated during a 12-year period, address the current controversies, and present the rationale for our current(More)
The authors report on 32-year-old woman with a history of a previously resected suprasellar clear cell meningioma (CCM), who returned to their institution after 3 years suffering from progressively worsening leg and back pain associated with leg weakness and bowel and bladder dysfunction. A magnetic resonance image of the thoracic and lumbar spine(More)
A newborn baby girl with intracranial extracerebral glioneural (brain) heterotopia in the right frontoparietal area is described. The heterotopic brain was predominantly composed of neuronal and glial elements, with partial cerebellar differentiation. It also contained well-differentiated adipose tissue. The possible mechanism for its origin and the causes(More)
There is a growing body of evidence in the literature suggesting that cavernous malformations of the central nervous system may develop after neuraxis irradiation. The authors discuss the case of a 17-year-old man who presented with progressive back pain and myelopathy 13 years after undergoing craniospinal irradiation for a posterior fossa medulloblastoma.(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the usefulness of indocyanine green (ICG) videoangiography in the operative management of dural arteriovenous fistulae (dAVFs). METHODS Intraoperative ICG videoangiography was used as a surgical adjunct in 25 patients with cranial and spinal dural arteriovenous fistulae to identify the fistula and verify its complete obliteration.(More)