Daniel L. Purich

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The Wiskott–Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP) family of molecules integrates upstream signalling events with changes in the actin cytoskeleton. N-WASP has been implicated both in the formation of cell-surface projections (filopodia) required for cell movement and in the actin-based motility of intracellular pathogens. To examine N-WASP function we have used(More)
The mechanism of profilin-promoted actin polymerization has been systematically reinvestigated. Rates of barbed-end elongation onto Spectrin.4.1. Actin seeds were measured by right angle light scattering to avoid confounding effects of pyrenyl-actin, and KINSIM was used to analyze elongation progress curves. Without thymosin-beta4, both actin and Profilin.(More)
A monoclonal antibody (mAb 7-1.1) was produced against a bovine brain microtubule-associated protein (MAP) preparation that had been separated from tubulin after initial purification by cycles of microtubule assembly and disassembly in vitro. The antibody reacted specifically with two high molecular weight polypeptides of the MAP 1 class, designated MAP 1.1(More)
Although actin-based motility drives cell crawling and intracellular locomotion of organelles and certain pathogens, the underlying mechanism of force generation remains a mystery. Recent experiments demonstrated that Listeria exhibit episodes of 5.4-nm stepwise motion corresponding to the periodicity of the actin filament subunits, and extremely small(More)
Force generation in several types of cell motility is driven by rapidly elongating cytoskeletal filaments that are persistently tethered at their polymerizing ends to propelled objects. These properties are not easily explained by force-generation models that require free (i.e., untethered) filament ends to fluctuate away from the surface for addition of(More)
Intracellular actin-based motility of Listeria monocytogenes requires protein-protein interactions involving two different proline-rich sequences: first, the tightly bound bacterial surface protein ActA uses its multiple oligoproline registers [consensus sequence = FE(D)FPPPPTD(E)E(D)] to tether vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) to the bacterial(More)
Although motile endocytic vesicles form actin-rich rocket tails [Merrifield et al., 1999: Nature Cell Biol 1:72-74], the mechanism of intracellular organelle locomotion remains poorly understood. We now demonstrate that bone marrow macrophages treated with lanthanum and zinc ions, well-known secretagogue antagonists, reliably exhibit vesicle motility. This(More)
Despite abundant evidence of actin's involvement at the particle internalization stage of phagocytosis, little is known about whether phagosomes undergo the same type of actin-based motility as observed with endocytic vesicles or such intracellular pathogens as Listeria and Shigella. By employing video microscopy to follow the fate of latex bead-containing(More)
Microtubule-associated protein (MAP)-2 is a multi-domain cytoskeletal protein that copurifies with brain microtubules (MTs) through repeated cycles of warm polymerization and cold disassembly. Recent equilibrium binding studies of high molecular weight MAP-2ab to taxol-stabilized MTs suggest that the interactions are highly cooperative, as indicated by(More)