Learn More
Using a CT-based, 3-D treatment planning system and Beam's Eye-View (BEV) displays, shaped fixed-field techniques have been developed for external beam boost treatment of Stage C carcinoma of the prostate. The basic technique comprises three sets of opposing beams (laterals and +/- 45 degrees with respect to the lateral) into a 6-field arrangement. Target(More)
INTRODUCTION A system has been developed for daily targeting of intrahepatic tumors using a combination of ventilatory immobilization, in-room diagnostic imaging, and on-line setup adjustment. By reducing geometric position uncertainty, as well as organ movement, this system permits reduction of margins and thus potentially higher treatment doses. This(More)
Results of the clinical experience gained since 1986 in the treatment planning of patients with brain neoplasms through integration of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) into computerized tomography (CT)-based, three-dimensional treatment planning are presented. Data from MRI can now be fully registered with CT data using appropriate three-dimensional(More)
Conventional stimulation for patients with localized prostatic carcinoma often includes opacification of the dose limiting adjacent normal tissues. However, CT-based treatment planning is performed with the bladder and the rectum naturally filled or emptied. These latter conditions more closely approximate those in place at treatment Comparison of these(More)
PURPOSE A system has been implemented for daily localization of the prostate through radiographic localization of implanted markers. This report summarizes an initial trial to establish the accuracy of patient setup via this system. METHODS AND MATERIALS Before radiotherapy, three radiopaque markers are implanted in the prostate periphery. Reference(More)
The nonuniformity of dose deposition for hepatic 90Y-microsphere therapy is believed to play an important role in the relative sparing of normal liver tissues. To help study this issue, three-dimensional dose calculations have been performed for the VX2 tumor model in the rabbit treated with hepatic arterial administration of 90Y-glass microspheres(More)
PURPOSE To develop an intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) technique for postmastectomy RT that improves target coverage while sparing all appropriate normal tissues. MATERIALS AND METHODS IMRT plans were generated using an in-house optimization system. Priority was given to matching the heart doses achieved with partially wide tangent fields (PWTFs)(More)
Flat-panel imagers consisting of the first large area, self-scanning, pixelated, solid-state arrays made with hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) are under development by the authors for applications in diagnostic x-ray and megavoltage radiotherapy imaging. The arrays, designated by the acronym MASDA for multi-element amorphous silicon detector array,(More)
Radiotherapy treatment plans that are optimized to be highly conformal based on a static patient geometry can be degraded by setup errors and/or intratreatment motion, particularly for IMRT plans. To achieve improved plans in the face of geometrical uncertainties, direct simulation of multiple instances of the patient anatomy (to account for setup and/or(More)
Patient positioning accuracy can be quantified by the three-dimensional (3-D) translations and rotations required to transform the patient back to the desired position. Results of the current study show that the translations and rotations could be obtained from two projection images obtained radiographically on a linear accelerator when spherical(More)