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PURPOSE A system has been implemented for daily localization of the prostate through radiographic localization of implanted markers. This report summarizes an initial trial to establish the accuracy of patient setup via this system. METHODS AND MATERIALS Before radiotherapy, three radiopaque markers are implanted in the prostate periphery. Reference(More)
INTRODUCTION A system has been developed for daily targeting of intrahepatic tumors using a combination of ventilatory immobilization, in-room diagnostic imaging, and on-line setup adjustment. By reducing geometric position uncertainty, as well as organ movement, this system permits reduction of margins and thus potentially higher treatment doses. This(More)
Flat-panel imagers consisting of the first large area, self-scanning, pixelated, solid-state arrays made with hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) are under development by the authors for applications in diagnostic x-ray and megavoltage radiotherapy imaging. The arrays, designated by the acronym MASDA for multi-element amorphous silicon detector array,(More)
Radiotherapy treatment plans that are optimized to be highly conformal based on a static patient geometry can be degraded by setup errors and/or intratreatment motion, particularly for IMRT plans. To achieve improved plans in the face of geometrical uncertainties, direct simulation of multiple instances of the patient anatomy (to account for setup and/or(More)
Patient positioning accuracy can be quantified by the three-dimensional (3-D) translations and rotations required to transform the patient back to the desired position. Results of the current study show that the translations and rotations could be obtained from two projection images obtained radiographically on a linear accelerator when spherical(More)
Using a CT-based, 3-D treatment planning system and Beam's Eye-View (BEV) displays, shaped fixed-field techniques have been developed for external beam boost treatment of Stage C carcinoma of the prostate. The basic technique comprises three sets of opposing beams (laterals and +/- 45 degrees with respect to the lateral) into a 6-field arrangement. Target(More)
Conventional stimulation for patients with localized prostatic carcinoma often includes opacification of the dose limiting adjacent normal tissues. However, CT-based treatment planning is performed with the bladder and the rectum naturally filled or emptied. These latter conditions more closely approximate those in place at treatment Comparison of these(More)
The advent of dynamic radiotherapy modeling and treatment techniques requires an infrastructure to weigh the merits of various interventions (breath holding, gating, tracking). The creation of treatment planning models that account for motion and deformation can allow the relative worth of such techniques to be evaluated. In order to develop a treatment(More)
PURPOSE Doses actually delivered to the parotid glands during radiation therapy often exceed planned doses. We hypothesized that the delivered doses correlate better with parotid salivary output than the planned doses, used in all previous studies, and that determining these correlations will help make decisions regarding adaptive radiation therapy (ART)(More)
PURPOSE To aid in design of conformal radiation therapy treatment plans involving many conformally shaped fields, this work investigates the use of two methodologies to enhance the ease of interactive treatment planning: high-level beam constructs and beam's-eye view volumetric mapping. METHODS AND MATERIALS High-performance computer graphics running on(More)