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As biomedical investigators strive to integrate data and analyses across spatiotemporal scales and biomedical domains, they have recognized the benefits of formalizing languages and terminologies via computational ontologies. Although ontologies for biological entities-molecules, cells, organs-are well-established, there are no principled ontologies of(More)
We introduce and define the Ontology of Physics for Biology (OPB), a reference ontology of physical principles that bridges the gap between bioinformat-ics modeling of biological structures and the bio-simulation modeling of biological processes. Where-as modeling anatomical entities is relatively well-studied, representing the physics-based semantics of(More)
Voltage-dependent calcium currents were studied in cultured adult mouse pancreatic B-cells using the whole-cell voltage-clamp technique. When calcium currents were elicited with 10-sec depolarizing command pulses, the time course of inactivation was well fit by the sum of two exponentials. The more rapidly-inactivating component had a time constant of 75(More)
Depolarization-activated outward currents ranging in amplitude from 100-1000 pA were studied in cultured, insulin-secreting HIT cells and mouse B-cells using the whole-cell patch clamp. Outward current was identified as a K current since it was blocked by K channel blockers and its tail current reversed near EK. The K currents of HIT cells dialyzed with(More)
The origin and control of glucose-induced rhythmic plateau potentials of pancreatic islet cells have been studied with intracellular microelectrodes in isolated mouse islets. Rapid changes of extracellular potassium concentration and direct electrical stimulation via a suction electrode were used to perturb islet cell membrane potentials. We show that brief(More)
The effects of tetraethylammonium (TEA) and quinine on Ca-activated [K(Ca)], ATP-sensitive [K(ATP)]K channels and delayed-rectifier K current [K(dr)] have been studied in cultured insulin-secreting HIT cells using the patch-clamp technique. K(Ca) and K(ATP) channels were identified in excised, outside/out patches using physiological solutions and had(More)
It is accepted for insulin-secreting cells in culture that the closure of ATP-sensitive K+ channels causes the glucose-dependent depolarization of pancreatic beta-cells seen at subthreshold levels (less than 100 mg/dl) of glucose. The question remains for the more thoroughly studied beta-cells in freshly dissected intact islets, however, whether closure of(More)
Short-term synaptic plasticity, which is common in the central nervous system, may contribute to the signal processing functions of both temporal integration and coincidence detection. For temporal integrators, whose output firng rate depends on a running average of recent synaptic inputs, plasticity modulates input synaptic strength and thus may directly(More)
The integration of biomedical terminologies is indispensable to the process of information integration. When terminologies are linked merely through the alignment of their leaf terms, however, differences in context and ontological structure are ignored. Making use of the SNAP and SPAN ontologies, we show how three reference domain ontologies can be(More)