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A single identified neuron was repeatedly isolated by axotomy from the central nervous system of the nudibranch mollusk Hermissenda crassicornis. An early voltage-dependent outward K+ current of this neuron was reduced and more rapidly inactivated for animals previously trained with paired but not randomized light and rotation. Since this current change can(More)
Cumulative depolarization of Hermissenda type B photoreceptors, a short-term neural correlate of associative learning, was produced by simulating associative training in the isolated nervous system (in vitro conditioning). This simulation entailed stimulation and recording from three classes of neurons normally affected by the associative training(More)
Evidence accumulated from clinical and basic research has indirectly implicated the insulin receptor (IR) in brain cognitive functions, including learning and memory (Wickelgren, I. (1998) Science 280, 517-519). The present study investigates correlative changes in IR expression, phosphorylation, and associated signaling molecules in the rat hippocampus(More)
Activation of protein kinase C (PKC) can mimic the biophysical effects of associative learning on neurons. Furthermore, classical conditioning of the rabbit nictitating membrane (a form of associative learning) produces translocation of PKC activity from the cytosolic to the membrane compartments of the CA1 region of the hippocampus. Evidence is provided(More)
Learning behavior similar to vertebrate classical conditioning was demonstrated for the mollusc Hermissenda crassicornis. Postsynaptic membrane changes within well-defined neural systems that mediate the learning play a casual role in recording the learned association for later recall. Specific ionic currents in neural tissue undergo transformations lasting(More)
  • D L Alkon
  • 1975
A new technique is described for stimulating hair cells of the Hermissenda statocyst. The preparation and recording apparatus can be rotated at up to 78 rpm while recording intracellular potentials. Hair cells in front of the centrifugal force vector depolarize in response to rotation. Hair cells in back of the centrifugal force vector hypoerpolarize in(More)
Intradendritic recordings in Purkinje cells from a defined area in parasaggital slices of cerebellar lobule HVI, obtained after rabbits were given either paired (classical conditioning) or explicitly unpaired (control) presentations of tone and periorbital electrical stimulation, were used to assess the nature and duration of conditioning-specific changes(More)