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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE X-ray volumetric imaging system (XVI) mounted on a linear accelerator is available for image guidance applications. In preparation for clinical implementation, phantom and patient imaging studies were conducted to determine the irradiation parameters that would trade-off image quality, patient dose and scanning time. PATIENTS AND(More)
PURPOSE To assess the feasibility of an online strategy for palliative radiotherapy (RT) of spinal bone metastasis, which integrates imaging, planning, and treatment delivery in a single step at the treatment unit. The technical challenges of this approach include cone-beam CT (CBCT) image quality for target definition, online planning, and efficient(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This paper presents efficient and generalized processes for the clinical application of on-line X-ray volumetric cone-beam CT imaging (XVI) to improve the accuracy of patient set-up in radiation therapy. XVI image-guided therapy is illustrated by application to two contrasting sites, intra-cranial radiosurgery and prostate radiation(More)
PURPOSE Kilovoltage cone-beam CT (CBCT) implemented on board a medical accelerator is available for image-guidance applications in our clinic. The objective of this work was to assess the magnitude and stability of the residual setup error associated with CBCT online-guided prostate cancer patient setup. Residual error pertains to the uncertainty in image(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The QA of intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) dosimetry is a laborious task. The goal of this work is to evaluate the dosimetric characteristics of a new 2D diode array (MapCheck from Sun Nuclear Corporation, Melbourne, Florida) and assess the role it can play in routine IMRT QA. MATERIAL AND METHODS Fundamental properties of(More)
A treatment process which integrates simulation, planning, and delivery in one single session of < or =30 min on a treatment unit capable of cone-beam CT imaging (CBCT) is under development in our institution for palliation of spinal metastases. The objective of this work is to develop and validate a semiautomatic vertebra detection and identification(More)
AIMS The Canadian Association of Radiation Oncology-Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (CARO-SBRT) Task Force was established in 2010. The aim was to define the scope of practice guidelines for the profession to ensure safe practice specific for the most common sites of lung, liver and spine SBRT. MATERIALS AND METHODS A group of Canadian SBRT experts were(More)
PURPOSE Spine stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) involves tight planning margins and steep dose gradients to the surrounding organs at risk (OAR). This study aimed to assess intrafraction motion using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) for spine SBRT patients treated using three immobilization devices. METHODS AND MATERIALS Setup accuracy using CBCT(More)
PURPOSE Vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) are increasingly observed after spine stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). The aim of this study was to determine the risk of VCF after spine SBRT and identify clinical and dosimetric factors predictive for VCF. The analysis incorporated the recently described Spinal Instability Neoplastic Score (SINS)(More)
The objective of this work is to assess the suitability and performance of a new dosimeter system with a novel geometry for the quality assurance (QA) of volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT). The new dosimeter system consists of a hollow cylinder (15 and 25 cm inner and outer diameters) with 124 diodes embedded in the phantom's cylindrical wall forming(More)