Daniel Kitsberg

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Loss of pluripotency is a gradual event whose initiating factors are largely unknown. Here we report the earliest metabolic changes induced during the first hours of differentiation. High-resolution NMR identified 44 metabolites and a distinct metabolic transition occurring during early differentiation. Metabolic and transcriptional analyses showed that(More)
UNLABELLED The liver is the main organ responsible for the modification, clearance, and transformational toxicity of most xenobiotics owing to its abundance in cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzymes. However, the scarcity and variability of primary hepatocytes currently limits their utility. Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) represent an excellent source of(More)
GLUT2 is a facilitative glucose transporter, expressed in polarized epithelial cells of the liver, intestine, kidney and pancreas, where it plays a critical role in glucose homeostasis. Together with SGLT1/2, it mediates glucose absorption in metabolic epithelial tissues, where it can be translocated apically upon high glucose exposure. To track the(More)
Viruses lack the basic machinery needed to replicate and therefore must hijack the host's metabolism to propagate. Virus-induced metabolic changes have yet to be systematically studied in the context of host transcriptional regulation, and such studies shoul offer insight into host-pathogen metabolic interplay. In this work we identified hepatitis C virus(More)
Human embryonic stem cells (HESCs) are characterized by their ability to self-renew and capacity to differentiate into almost every cell type. As a result, they have enormous potential for use in tissue engineering and transplantation therapy. If these cells can be induced to differentiate into a particular cell type, they may provide an almost unlimited(More)
Cell-cell interactions play a key role in regeneration, differentiation, and basic tissue function taking place under physiological shear forces. However, current solutions to mimic such interactions by micro-patterning cells within microfluidic devices have low resolution, high fabrication complexity, and are limited to one or two cell types. Here, we(More)
CYP27-overexpressed transgenic mice were generated with the use of a human full-length CYP27 coding region cloned into a ubiquitous expression vector. Positive transgenic mice were identified by tail DNA genotyping and high fecal 27-hydroxycholesterol content. The levels of 27-hydroxycholesterol were found to be 3-5 times higher in the circulation and the(More)
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