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CONTEXT Secondary analyses of 2 randomized controlled trials and supportive epidemiologic and preclinical data indicated the potential of selenium and vitamin E for preventing prostate cancer. OBJECTIVE To determine whether selenium, vitamin E, or both could prevent prostate cancer and other diseases with little or no toxicity in relatively healthy men.(More)
PURPOSE To confirm the promising phase II results of docetaxel monotherapy, this phase III trial was conducted of chemotherapy for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who had previously failed platinum-containing chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 373 patients were randomized to receive either docetaxel 100 mg/m(2) (D100)(More)
PURPOSE Erlotinib is a highly specific epidermal growth factor receptor (HER1/EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor. This phase II study of erlotinib in patients with HER1/EGFR-expressing non-small-cell lung cancer previously treated with platinum-based chemotherapy evaluated tumor response, survival, and symptom improvement. PATIENTS AND METHODS Fifty-seven(More)
CONTEXT The initial report of the Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial (SELECT) found no reduction in risk of prostate cancer with either selenium or vitamin E supplements but a statistically nonsignificant increase in prostate cancer risk with vitamin E. Longer follow-up and more prostate cancer events provide further insight into the(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental studies in animals and observational studies in humans suggest that regular aspirin use may decrease the risk of colorectal adenomas, the precursors to most colorectal cancers. METHODS We conducted a randomized, double-blind trial to determine the effect of aspirin on the incidence of colorectal adenomas. We randomly assigned 635(More)
PURPOSE We conducted a phase II study of combination of the anti-insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor antibody CP-751,871 with paclitaxel and carboplatin (PCI) in advanced treatment-naïve non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients were randomly assigned (2:1) to paclitaxel 200 mg/m(2), carboplatin (area under the plasma(More)
PURPOSE Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality in the United States, due in part to the lack of a validated and effective screening approach for early detection. The prevalence for methylation of seven and three genes was examined in DNA from sputum and plasma, respectively, from women at different risk for lung cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN(More)
BACKGROUND The role of mutations in protooncogenes and their regulatory sequences in the pathogenesis of cancer is under close scrutiny. Minisatellites are unstable repetitive sequences of DNA that are present throughout the human genome. The highly polymorphic HRAS1 minisatellite locus just downstream from the protooncogene H-ras-1 consists of four common(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with head-and-neck cancers who are free of disease after local therapy remain at high risk for both recurrent and second primary tumors. Retinoids have proved efficacious in the treatment of premalignant oral lesions and are promising agents for the prevention of epithelial carcinogenesis. METHODS We prospectively studied 103 patients(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of docetaxel (Taxotere) in patients with adenocarcinoma of the upper gastrointestinal tract previously untreated with cytotoxic chemotherapy. Docetaxel 100 mg m-2 was administered as a 1 hour intravenous (IV) infusion every 3 weeks to 41 patients. Patients were premedicated prior to each(More)