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CONTEXT Secondary analyses of 2 randomized controlled trials and supportive epidemiologic and preclinical data indicated the potential of selenium and vitamin E for preventing prostate cancer. OBJECTIVE To determine whether selenium, vitamin E, or both could prevent prostate cancer and other diseases with little or no toxicity in relatively healthy men.(More)
PURPOSE To confirm the promising phase II results of docetaxel monotherapy, this phase III trial was conducted of chemotherapy for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who had previously failed platinum-containing chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 373 patients were randomized to receive either docetaxel 100 mg/m(2) (D100)(More)
This paper presents a morphological lexicon for English that handle more than 317000 innected forms derived from over 90000 stems. The lexicon is available in two formats. The rst can be used by an implementation of a two-level processor for morphological analysis (Kart-tunen and Wittenburg, 1983; Antworth, 1990). The second, derived from the rst one for(More)
CONTEXT The initial report of the Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial (SELECT) found no reduction in risk of prostate cancer with either selenium or vitamin E supplements but a statistically nonsignificant increase in prostate cancer risk with vitamin E. Longer follow-up and more prostate cancer events provide further insight into the(More)
PURPOSE We conducted a phase II study of combination of the anti-insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor antibody CP-751,871 with paclitaxel and carboplatin (PCI) in advanced treatment-naïve non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients were randomly assigned (2:1) to paclitaxel 200 mg/m(2), carboplatin (area under the plasma(More)
PURPOSE Erlotinib is a highly specific epidermal growth factor receptor (HER1/EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor. This phase II study of erlotinib in patients with HER1/EGFR-expressing non-small-cell lung cancer previously treated with platinum-based chemotherapy evaluated tumor response, survival, and symptom improvement. PATIENTS AND METHODS Fifty-seven(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental studies in animals and observational studies in humans suggest that regular aspirin use may decrease the risk of colorectal adenomas, the precursors to most colorectal cancers. METHODS We conducted a randomized, double-blind trial to determine the effect of aspirin on the incidence of colorectal adenomas. We randomly assigned 635(More)
BACKGROUND Promising data have suggested that retinoid chemoprevention may help to control second primary tumors (SPTs), recurrence, and mortality of stage I non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. METHODS We carried out a National Cancer Institute (NCI) Intergroup phase III trial (NCI #I91-0001) with 1166 patients with pathologic stage I NSCLC (6(More)
PURPOSE Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality in the United States, due in part to the lack of a validated and effective screening approach for early detection. The prevalence for methylation of seven and three genes was examined in DNA from sputum and plasma, respectively, from women at different risk for lung cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN(More)
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) of the skin represents a unique group of tumors strongly associated with exposure to UV light. Unlike squamous carcinoma of the skin, BCC is generally indolent, noninvasive, and rarely metastatic. To study the involvement of tumor suppressor genes in these neoplasms, we analyzed 36 BCCs for p53 mutations and a subset of these(More)