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An epidemiological study of the environmental and genetic factors as well as the possible interplay between them was conducted among 215 patients with Parkinson's disease and 313 controls in a Chinese population in Hong Kong. In univariate analysis, a regular tea drinking habit was found to be a protective factor, which had not been reported before. Smoking(More)
A prevalence study of Parkinson's disease (PD) was conducted in the rural town of Nambour, Australia. There were 5 cases of PD in a study population of 1207, yielding a crude prevalence ratio of 414 per 100,000 (95% confidence interval; 53-775). We performed a separate case-control study involving 224 patients with PD and 310 controls from South East(More)
BACKGROUND Selective olfactory deficits occur in 70% to 90% of patients with Parkinson disease, independent of disease severity and duration. Olfactory testing may be a useful diagnostic aid for Parkinson disease, but the types of odors most commonly affected need to be identified. OBJECTIVE To determine the pattern and types of odors affected in(More)
This review paper compares the differences in prevalence, and environmental and genetic risk factors for Parkinson's disease between Chinese and Caucasian subjects. Comparison of age-specific prevalence between Chinese people and Caucasians suggests that the prevalence is lower in the Chinese (at least in the past), although the prevalence rate in China(More)
BACKGROUND Ethnic differences in the prevalence of Parkinson's disease have been observed, but may be due to differences in screening instruments and diagnostic criteria. AIMS To compare the prevalence of Parkinson's disease in Hong Kong Chinese and Australians in Sydney. METHODS A door-to-door community survey in the Hong Kong Chinese population was(More)
BACKGROUND The slow acetylator genotype for N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2 genotype) may be associated with PD in white subjects and the genotype is common in both white and Chinese populations. Whether there is a relationship between NAT2 genotype and PD in Chinese subjects is not known. OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between the slow acetylator(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine predictors for 5-year survival in elderly stroke patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS Prospective cohort study of 186 consecutive acute stroke patients aged ≥65 years admitted to Bankstown-Lidcombe Hospital, Australia 03/2002 to 03/2003. All subjects were followed up in 2007/8, at 5 years post-stroke, for outcome measures. Logistic(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a combination of motor symptoms. We identified two functional single nucleotide polymorphisms in the glycogen synthase kinase-3beta gene (GSK3B). A promoter single nucleotide polymorphism (rs334558) is associated with transcriptional strength in vitro in which the T allele has greater(More)
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a multicentred neurodegenerative disorder characterised by the accumulation and aggregation of alpha-synuclein (α-syn) in several parts of the central nervous system. However, it is well established that PD can generate symptoms of constipation and other gastrointestinal problems and α-syn containing lesions have been identified(More)
Parkinson's disease is a common neurodegenerative disorder in elderly people. Epidemiological studies of the disease can be labour intensive. A two phase design including a screening questionnaire as the first phase has become a popular method in prevalence studies of Parkinson's disease. Such a design has many advantages including less work for assessing(More)