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In preparing for a lecture on the ethics of surgical complications, it became apparent that confusion exists about the definition of a ‘‘surgical complication.’’ Is it, as one medical website states, ‘‘any undesirable result of surgery?’’ [1]. In the European Journal of Surgery, Veen et al. [2] provide a more elaborate definition: ‘‘every unwanted(More)
Cartels have always been the highest concern of antitrust. They overcharge consumers many billions of dollars every year 2 and there is a strong consensus that they should be sanctioned heavily. 3 Yet, until now no one has ever seriously attempted to analyze whether cartel sanctions are at the optimal level. This article is the first to undertake this(More)
Whatever the place or period, surgical complications have been an inevitable part of surgical practice. It is not surprising , then, that studies on various aspects of surgical complications are plentiful. A PubMed search returned nearly 800 articles with the phrase ''surgical complication'' and its plural form in the title. However, despite the importance(More)
The phrase "duty of care" is, at best, too vague and, at worst, ethically dangerous. The nature and scope of the duty need to be determined, and conflicting duties must be recognized and acknowledged. Duty of care is neither fixed nor absolute but heavily dependent on context. The normal risk level of the working environment, the healthcare worker's(More)
In 1982, Jonsen, Siegler and Winslade published Clinical Ethics, in which they described the "four quadrants" approach, a new method of analysing clinical ethics cases. Although the book is now in its 6th edition, a literature search has revealed only one academic paper demonstrating the method at work. This paper is an attempt to start filling this gap. As(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify the consultation activities of clinical ethics committees (CECs) in the UK and the views of CEC chairpersons regarding such activities. METHODS An anonymous, password-protected online questionnaire was sent by e-mail to 70 CEC chairpersons. The questionnaire contained 14 items. RESULTS Of the 70 CECs contacted, 30 responded (a(More)
  • Daniel K Sokol
  • 2008
This Perspective article, a cri de coeur, argues that a modicum of medical history should be incorporated into the compulsory medical curriculum. Many medical schools have no formal teaching in the subject, and students can thus graduate without the slightest knowledge of their profession's history. The author argues that, aside from holding intrinsic(More)