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OBJECTIVE We determined whether reduced insulin sensitivity, mitochondrial dysfunction, and other age-related dysfunctions are inevitable consequences of aging or secondary to physical inactivity. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Insulin sensitivity was measured by hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp and ATP production in mitochondria isolated from vastus(More)
Maintenance of musculoskeletal function in older adults is critically important for preserving cardiorespiratory function and health span. Aerobic endurance training (ET) improves skeletal muscle metabolic function including age-related declines in muscle mitochondrial function. To further understand the underlying mechanism of enhanced muscle function with(More)
Obesity plays a major role in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus, and it has long been accepted that weight loss plays a significant role in diabetes therapy. This weight loss has traditionally been accomplished through lifestyle changes including diet and exercise. What has only more recently gained acceptance is that bariatric surgery may have a(More)
This is an uncopyedited electronic version of an article accepted for publication in Diabetes. The American Diabetes Association, publisher of Diabetes, is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it by third parties. The definitive publisher-authenticated version will be available in a future(More)
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