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BACKGROUND This study was designed to examine the bulk electrical properties of myocardium and their variation with the evolution of infarction after coronary occlusion. These properties may be useful in distinguishing between normal, ischemic, and infarcted tissue on the basis of electrophysiological parameters. METHODS AND RESULTS The electrical(More)
An isotropic, initially spherical, membrane model of the infarcted ventricle satisfactorily predicts ventricular function in the infarcted heart when compared to clinical information and available ventricular models of higher complexity. Computations based on finite element solutions of this membrane model yield end-diastolic and end-systolic(More)
A new proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller for the automated closed-loop delivery of atracurium was tested in 32 patients. Groups of 8 patients received halothane, enflurane, isoflurane, or N2O/morphine anesthesia. After induction of anesthesia with sodium thiopental 3-5 mg.kg-1, a bolus of atracurium 0.2 mg.kg-1 was delivered by the(More)
BACKGROUND Myocardium undergoes complex cellular and histochemical alterations after acute myocardial infarction. These structural changes directly affect the mechanical stiffness of infarcted and remote myocardia. Previous investigations of infarct stiffness have been limited to uniaxial testing, which does not provide a unique description of the tissue's(More)
Myocardial tagging with magnetic resonance imaging is useful for non-invasive estimation of in vivo heart wall deformation. To validate the method of strain estimation and quantify the error of deformation estimates, a deformable silicone gel phantom in the shape of a cylindrical anulus was built and imaged. Four observers digitized the displacement of(More)
OBJECTIVES The first objective was to develop a quantitative method for tracking the three-dimensional geometry of the mitral valve. The second was to determine the complex interrelationships of various components of the mitral valve in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS Sixteen sonomicrometry transducers were placed around the mitral vale anulus, at the tips and(More)
In 28 Dorsett sheep, ligation of the distal homonymous (equivalent to human left anterior descending) and second diagonal coronary arteries produced a constant transmural infarct of 22.9% +/- 2.5% (mean +/- standard deviation) of the left ventricular mass. Serial left ventriculograms showed that within four hours the infarct segment expands, wall thickness(More)
In isolated heart muscle preparations an abrupt increase in load during the latter portion of contraction (at a time when there is little if any potential to develop additional force) causes a premature and more rapid relaxation; this load-dependent relaxation characterizes relaxation in myocardium with normal sarcoplasmic reticulum. The purpose of our(More)
Changes in the geometric and intravalvular relationships between subunits of the ovine mitral valve were measured before and after acute posterior wall myocardial infarction in three dimensions by means of sonomicrometry array localization. In 13 sheep, nine sonomicrometer transducers were attached around the mitral anulus and to the tip and base of each(More)