Daniel K. Bogen

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Myocardial tagging with magnetic resonance imaging is useful for non-invasive estimation of in vivo heart wall deformation. To validate the method of strain estimation and quantify the error of deformation estimates, a deformable silicone gel phantom in the shape of a cylindrical anulus was built and imaged. Four observers digitized the displacement of(More)
BACKGROUND This study was designed to examine the bulk electrical properties of myocardium and their variation with the evolution of infarction after coronary occlusion. These properties may be useful in distinguishing between normal, ischemic, and infarcted tissue on the basis of electrophysiological parameters. METHODS AND RESULTS The electrical(More)
An isotropic, initially spherical, membrane model of the infarcted ventricle satisfactorily predicts ventricular function in the infarcted heart when compared to clinical information and available ventricular models of higher complexity. Computations based on finite element solutions of this membrane model yield end-diastolic and end-systolic(More)
In 28 Dorsett sheep, ligation of the distal homonymous (equivalent to human left anterior descending) and second diagonal coronary arteries produced a constant transmural infarct of 22.9% +/- 2.5% (mean +/- standard deviation) of the left ventricular mass. Serial left ventriculograms showed that within four hours the infarct segment expands, wall thickness(More)
We describe a new method which uses sonomicrometry and the statistical technique of multidimensional scaling (MDS) to measure the three-dimensional (3-D) coordinates of multiple cardiac locations. We refer to this new method as sonomicrometry array localization (SAL). The new method differs from standard sonomicrometry in that each piezoelectric transducer(More)
BACKGROUND Low health literacy is associated with poor outcomes in asthma and other diseases, but the mechanisms governing this relationship are not well defined. OBJECTIVE We sought to assess whether literacy is related to subsequent asthma self-management, measured as adherence to inhaled steroids, and asthma outcomes. METHODS In a prospective(More)
BACKGROUND Adherence to inhaled steroid regimens for asthma is poor in adults and children. Although it is assumed that nonadherence contributes to morbidity in older adolescents, investigation is limited. OBJECTIVE We sought to describe adherence to preventive asthma medications and explore relevant beliefs and attitudes in older urban adolescents,(More)
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation uses peripherally placed cannulas and a streamlined circuit without a venous reservoir. This study tests the flow dynamics of venous catheters connected without a reservoir directly to a centrifugal pump. During in vitro testing, a 30 cm segment of collapsible tubing interposed between the reservoir and pump simulates the(More)
A new proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller for the automated closed-loop delivery of atracurium was tested in 32 patients. Groups of 8 patients received halothane, enflurane, isoflurane, or N2O/morphine anesthesia. After induction of anesthesia with sodium thiopental 3-5 mg.kg-1, a bolus of atracurium 0.2 mg.kg-1 was delivered by the(More)
BACKGROUND Myocardium undergoes complex cellular and histochemical alterations after acute myocardial infarction. These structural changes directly affect the mechanical stiffness of infarcted and remote myocardia. Previous investigations of infarct stiffness have been limited to uniaxial testing, which does not provide a unique description of the tissue's(More)