Daniel Jirak

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BACKGROUND In vitro labeling of pancreatic islets by iron nanoparticles enables their detection as hypoitnense spots on serial magnetic resonance (MR) images. We report the first results of a pilot trial aiming to test the feasibility and safety of this technique in humans. METHODS Islets were labeled in culture with 5 μL/mL ferucarbotran for 6 to 48 hr(More)
Our study describes the time course of necrotic damage to the rat brain resulting from Leksell Gamma Knife (LGK) irradiation at a dose that was previously considered to be subnecrotic. A lesion induced in the rat hippocampus by 35 Gy irradiation was monitored by MRI, MRS, and DW-MRI for 16 months. T2-weighted images revealed a large hyperintense area with(More)
OBJECT The goals of the study were to determine at what dosage and after what interval impairment of hippocampal function occurs after Leksell gamma knife radiosurgery (GKS) of the rat hippocampus and to assess the associated structural changes. METHODS Long-Evans rats were irradiated with maximum doses of 25, 50, 75, 100, and 150 Gy, and four 4-mm(More)
A promising treatment method for type 1 diabetes mellitus is transplantation of pancreatic islets containing beta-cells. The aim of this study was to develop an MR technique to monitor the distribution and fate of transplanted pancreatic islets in an animal model. Twenty-five hundred purified and magnetically labeled islets were transplanted through the(More)
The application of texture analysis (TA) in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) requires the availability of texture phantoms for use in the standardization of in vivo measurements. The aims of our study were (a) to develop a new type of phantoms suitable for MRI and TA and test their long-term stability; (b) to optimize the choice of texture parameters(More)
Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) are a most appealing source for cell replacement therapy in acute brain lesions. We evaluated the potential of hiPSC therapy in stroke by transplanting hiPSC-derived neural progenitor cells (NPCs) into the postischemic striatum. Grafts received host tyrosine hydroxylase-positive afferents and contained(More)
In vitro labeling of pancreatic islets with iron nanoparticles enables their direct posttransplant visualization by magnetic resonance; however, there is still a discrepancy in the fate of iron nanoparticles. This study was performed to detail the labeling process, consequently to improve the labeling efficacy and to confirm safety for islet cells. The(More)
BACKGROUND We have recently described a magnetic resonance (MR) method for detection of rat pancreatic islets transplanted into the liver after labeling with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles. The aim of this work was to study whether this technique could be applicable over a longer period after transplantation and whether it could help to detect(More)
PURPOSE Our study is focused on the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) observation of lesion development and hippocampus related functional impairments in rats after irradiation with a Leksell Gamma knife (LGK). MATERIALS AND METHODS We exposed 32 three-month-old Long-Evans rats to various radiation doses (25 Gy, 50 Gy or 75 Gy). The rats were scanned by a(More)
Aim: To evaluate a method of texture analysis (TA) for the description of magnetic resonance (MR) images of healthy and diseased calf muscles and to compare this method with standard radiological evaluation. Methods: A total of 93 subjects (20 controls, seven healthy children of hypertonic parents, five diabetic patients and 61 subjects with muscle(More)