Daniel J Throckmorton

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An ultrasensitive method for the detection of the cholera toxin (CT) using electrochemical or microgravimetric quartz crystal microbalance transduction means is described. Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and GM1-functionalized liposomes act as catalytic recognition labels for the amplified detection of the cholera toxin based on highly specific recognition of(More)
A microfabricated glass chip containing fluidic channels filled with polymer monolith has been developed for reversed-phase electrochromatography. Acrylate-based porous polymer monoliths were cast in the channels by photopolymerization to serve as a robust and uniform stationary phase. UV light-initiated polymerization allows for patterning of polymer(More)
The potential of integration of functions in microfluidic chips is demonstrated by implementing on-chip preconcentration of proteins prior to on-chip protein sizing by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Two polymeric elements-a thin (approximately 50 microm) size exclusion membrane for preconcentration and a longer(More)
Unilamellar liposomes carrying both encapsulated and surface-immobilized fluorophores have been synthesized as novel fluorescent markers to image flow profiles in microfabricated structures. The unilamellar liposomes were made with phospholipids and cholesterol by extrusion through a polycarbonate membrane. They contained carboxyfluorescein in the aqueous(More)
At present, point-of-care (POC) diagnostics typically provide a binary indication of health status (e.g., home pregnancy test strip). Before anticipatory use of diagnostics for assessment of complex diseases becomes widespread, development of sophisticated bioassays capable of quantitatively measuring disease biomarkers is necessary. Successful translation(More)
While many point-of-care (POC) diagnostic methods have been developed for blood-borne analytes, development of saliva-based POC diagnostics is in its infancy. We have developed a portable microfluidic device for detection of potential biomarkers of periodontal disease in saliva. The device performs rapid microfluidic chip-based immunoassays (<3-10 min) with(More)
Towards developing rapid and portable diagnostics for detecting zoonotic diseases, we have developed microchip-based electrophoretic immunoassays for sensitive and rapid detection of viruses. Two types of microchip-based electrophoretic immunoassays were developed. The initial assay used open channel electrophoresis and laser-induced fluorescence detection(More)
We report on a facile diffusion-based photopatterning technique for generating linear and non-linear decreasing pore-size gradients in cross-linked polyacrylamide gels. Diffusion of low viscosity polymer precursor solutions and a two-step photopatterning process were used to define the decreasing pore-size gradient gels in a microfluidic format, thus(More)
Efficient and rapid separation of minute levels of amino acids and bioactive peptides is of significant importance in the emerging field of proteomics as well as in the clinical and pharmaceutical arena. We have developed novel UV-initiated acrylate-based porous polymer monoliths as stationary phases for capillary- and chip-electrochromatography of(More)
By integrating photopolymerized cross-linked polyacrylamide gels within a microfluidic device, we have developed a microanalytical platform for performing electrophoresis-based immunoassays. The microfluidic immunoassays are performed by gel electrophoretic separation and quantitation of bound and unbound antibody or antigen. To retain biological activity(More)