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OBJECTIVE To inform child and adolescent psychiatrists about the almost 500,000 children now residing in the American foster care system. This overview surveys the pediatric, developmental, and psychiatric needs of these children. METHOD Child and adolescent psychiatrists, pediatricians, a child welfare researcher, a social worker, and a psychologist(More)
BACKGROUND We examined gender-specific prevalences, patterns, and correlates of non-prescribed use of pain relievers - mainly opioids - in a representative sample of American adolescents (N=18,678). METHODS Data were drawn from the public use data file of the 2005 U.S. National Survey on Drug Use and Health, a survey of non-institutionalized American(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was a 20-year follow-up of offspring of depressed and nondepressed parents to determine the magnitude and continuity of the risk of parental depression to the offspring. METHOD The authors followed 151 offspring of moderately to severely depressed parents or nonpsychiatrically ill comparison subjects for about 20 years, to a mean age(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors' goals were to estimate the prevalence of psychotic symptoms among adults attending an urban general medical practice that serves a low-income population and to describe the mental health, social and occupational functioning, and mental health treatment of these patients. METHOD Data were drawn from a recent study of adult primary(More)
BACKGROUND The familial nature of early-onset major depressive disorder (MDD) has been documented in numerous family studies of adults and is supported by studies of offspring of parents with MDD, for whom the risk is more than 3-fold. None of the published high-risk studies have gone beyond 2 generations, and few have a longitudinal design. We report(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the patterns of inhalant use and correlates of the progression from inhalant use to abuse and dependence among adolescents aged 12 to 17. METHOD Study data were drawn from the 2000 and 2001 National Household Surveys on Drug Abuse. Multinominal logistic regression was used to identify the characteristics associated with progression to(More)
OBJECTIVE To screen for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in primary care patients 7-16 months after 9/11 attacks and to examine its comorbidity, clinical presentation and relationships with mental health treatment and service utilization. METHOD A systematic sample (n=930) of adult primary care patients who were seeking primary care at an urban(More)
OBJECTIVE This study estimated the proportion of patients attending an urban general medical practice with current major depression and a history of bipolar disorder and compared the history, presentation, and treatment of patients with unipolar and bipolar depression. METHOD A group of 1,143 patients was assessed with measures of past and current mental(More)
PURPOSE To ascertain the prevalence of psychiatric symptoms and substance use disorders among adolescents with a lifetime history of foster care placement, using data from a nationally representative sample of U.S. adolescents. METHODS We studied adolescents aged 12-17 years in the public use file of the 2000 National Household on Drug Abuse (n = 19,430,(More)