Daniel J. Guillaume

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OBJECT The object of this study was to determine if early cranioplasty after decompressive craniectomy for elevated intracranial pressure in children reduces complications. METHODS Sixty-one consecutive cases involving pediatric patients who underwent autologous cranioplasty after decompressive craniectomy for raised intracranial pressure at a single(More)
OBJECT Infantile and late-infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCLs) are invariably fatal lysosomal storage diseases associated with defects in lysosomal enzyme palmitoyl-protein thioesterase 1 (PPT-1) or tripeptidyl peptidase 1 (TPP1) activity. Previous preclinical studies have demonstrated that human CNS stem cells (HuCNS-SCs) produce both PPT-1 and(More)
Ferumoxytol, an iron nanoparticle used as an intravascular contrast agent for perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), has never been explored in the pediatric population. The purpose of this prospective study is to characterize the vascular and permeability properties of pediatric brain tumors using two contrast agents during a single imaging session:(More)
The primary therapeutic goal of embryonic stem cell (ESC) research is cell replacement therapy. During the last decade, great strides have been made in developing in vitro protocols for differentiating human ESCs into neuroepithelial progenitors. More recent progress has been made in further directing them into becoming cells with specialized regional and(More)
Case reports of retroclival hematoma are infrequent, and little is known about the mechanism of formation of the lesion, its management strategy, and the outcome in affected patients. The authors report two cases of posttraumatic retroclival hematoma in children and discuss the available literature. Both patients were treated with cervical immobilization(More)
OBJECT Cerebrospinal fluid shunting has previously been associated with hearing loss. Although the mechanism for this is unclear, it is thought that changes in CSF pressure can affect cochlear physiology via endolymph expansion in the setting of a patent cochlear aqueduct. Patients undergoing radiation and cisplatin chemotherapy are at risk for hearing(More)
Whether and how in-vitro-produced human neural precursors mature and integrate into the brain are crucial to the utility of human embryonic stem (hES) cells in treating neurological disorders. After transplantation into the ventricles of neonatal immune-deficient mice, hES-cell-derived neural precursors stopped expressing the cell division marker Ki67,(More)
Cellular replacement therapy attempts to improve functioning of the diseased human central nervous system (CNS). In this second installment of a 2-part review, the authors discuss the major challenges to the translation of in vitro and animal studies of neural stem cell (NSC) therapy in the clinical setting. This analysis details the problems unique to the(More)
Successful cellular replacement in the diseased human central nervous system (CNS) faces numerous hurdles. In this first installment of a 2-part review, the authors report on the preclinical challenges involved in preparing for a major Phase I trial investigating the safety of human neural stem cell transplantation in a lysosomal storage disorder.(More)
Hyperammonemic crises in ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency (OTC) can be associated with devastating cerebral edema resulting in severe long-term neurologic impairment and death. We present an 8-year-old boy who had late-onset OTC deficiency in which early and aggressive management of hyperammonemia and associated cerebral edema, including therapeutic(More)