Daniel J Grabo

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BACKGROUND Emergent resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) insertion for critically injured patients in hemorrhagic shock is performed blindly with fluoroscopic imaging confirmation. The aim of this study was to determine a reliable method for initial REBOA catheter insertion with balloon deployment between the left subclavian(More)
BACKGROUND Trauma training in general surgery residency is undergoing an evolution. Hour restrictions, the growth of subspecialty care, and the trend toward nonoperative management have altered resident exposure to operative trauma. We sought to identify trends in resident trauma training since the inception of the 80-hour workweek. METHODS The(More)
BACKGROUND The traditional theory that pulmonary emboli (PE) originate from the lower extremity has been challenged. METHODS All autopsies performed in Los Angeles County between 2002 and 2010 where PE was the cause of death were reviewed. RESULTS Of the 491 PE deaths identified, 36% were surgical and 64% medical. Venous dissection for clots was(More)
BACKGROUND Injuries sustained by civilians from interaction with police are a polarizing contemporary sociopolitical issue. Few comprehensive studies have been published using national hospital-based data. The aim of this study was to examine the epidemiology of these injuries to better understand this mechanism of injury. METHODS Patients entered into(More)
Central sarcopenia as a surrogate for frailty has recently been studied as a predictor of outcome in elderly medical patients, but less is known about how this metric relates to outcomes after trauma. We hypothesized that psoas:lumbar vertebral index (PLVI), a measure of central sarcopenia, is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in elderly(More)
BACKGROUND Tension pneumothorax (tPTX) remains a significant cause of potentially preventable death in military and civilian settings. The current prehospital standard of care for tPTX is immediate decompression with a 14-gauge 8-cm angiocatheter; however, failure rates may be as high as 17% to 60%. Alternative devices, such as 10-gauge angiocatheter,(More)
In the era of nonoperative management of abdominal stab wounds, the optimal management of patients with evisceration remains unclear. Furthermore, the role of imaging in guiding management of these patients has not been defined. Patients admitted to a Level I trauma center (2005 to 2012) with evisceration after an abdominal stab wound were retrospectively(More)
BACKGROUND The harmful effects of smoking have been well-documented in the medical literature for decades. To further the support of smoking cessation, we investigate the effect of smoking on a less studied population, the trauma patient. METHODS All trauma patients admitted to the surgical intensive care unit at the LAC + University of Southern(More)
BACKGROUND Tension pneumothorax can rapidly progress to cardiac arrest and death if not promptly recognized and appropriately treated. We sought to evaluate the effectiveness of traditional didactic slide-based lectures (SBLs) as compared with fresh tissue cadaver-based training (CBT) for placement of needle thoracostomy (NT). METHODS Forty randomly(More)