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The STA8 locus of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii was identified in a genetic screen as a factor that controls starch biosynthesis. Mutations of STA8 cause a significant reduction in the amount of granular starch produced during nutrient limitation and accumulate phytoglycogen. The granules remaining in sta8 mutants are misshapen, and the abundance of amylose and(More)
Wide-angle powder x-ray diffraction analysis was carried out on starch extracted from wild-type and mutant Chlamydomonas reinhardtii cells. Strains containing no defective starch synthases as well as mutants carrying a disrupted granule-bound starch synthase structural gene displayed the A type of diffraction pattern with a high degree of crystallinity.(More)
Chemical and physical transformations of solid food begin in the mouth, but the oral phase of digestion has rarely been studied. In the present study, twelve healthy volunteers masticated mouthfuls of either bread or spaghetti for a physiologically-determined time, and the levels of particle degradation and starch digestion before swallowing were compared(More)
Starch, the most abundant component of the diet, is characterized by its variety as well as the versatility of its derivatives in foods. This paper is an overview of the main physical characteristics of the native starch granule. Three different levels of organization are presented: macromolecular structure, crystalline organization and ultrastructure.(More)
BMY 14802 was identified as a potential antipsychotic drug in traditional model systems, and this identification was confirmed in modern behavioral and electrophysiological systems. The drug appears to be atypical as an antipsychotic in its lack of activity in models predictive of the potential to produce extrapyramidal side effects and tardive dyskinesia.(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the origin of the poor digestibility of banana starch granules in the human small intestine. DESIGN The subjects received the same experimental meal. SETTING Nutrition Research Unit, Laënnec Hospital, CHU, Nantes. SUBJECTS Six healthy young subjects. INTERVENTIONS The digestion of raw green banana flour in the upper part of(More)
This paper presents a novel, semiautomatic method for microscopic identification of multicomponent samples, which allows the identification, location, and percentage quantity of each component to be determined. The method involves applying discriminant analysis to a sequence of multichannel fluorescence microscopy images via a supervised learning approach;(More)
Influence of the microflora on the extent of degradation of starch in the chicken digestive tract has been studied by scanning electron microscopy. Axenic (germfree), holoxenic (conventional), and monoxenic (only one germ) chickens inoculated with two strains of lactobacillus (strains 220 and 207) isolated from the crop of the cock were used in these(More)
In vascular plants, mutations leading to a defect in debranching enzyme lead to the simultaneous synthesis of glycogen-like material and normal starch. In Chlamydomonas reinhardtii comparable defects lead to the replacement of starch by phytoglycogen. Therefore, debranching was proposed to define a mandatory step for starch biosynthesis. We now report the(More)