Daniel J. Eichinger

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Differentiation of trophozoites into cysts in Entamoeba species has been described morphologically and to a lesser extent biochemically, but studies of stage specific gene expression have not been reported. At present Entamoeba invadens is the only species that can be induced to differentiate in axenic culture and is a useful model system for the human(More)
Developmental switching between life-cycle stages is a common feature among many pathogenic organisms. The protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica converts between cysts (essential for disease transmission) and trophozoites (responsible for tissue invasion). Identification of genes involved in the developmental pathway has been severely hindered by the(More)
The immunogenicity of a recombinant replication defective adenovirus expressing a major malaria Ag, the circumsporozoite (CS) protein (AdPyCS), was determined using a rodent malaria model. A single immunizing dose of this construct induced a large number of CS-specific CD8+ and CD4+ T cells in the spleens of these animals, particularly when given by the(More)
Sialic acids and sialidases play important roles in cellular interactions and modulate the recognition of pathogenic microbes by mammalian host cells. Protozoan parasites of the genus Trypanosoma express a unique sialic acid-metabolizing enzyme. This enzyme, named trans-sialidase (TS), catalyzes the transfer of sialic acids from host glycoconjugates to(More)
Three monoclonal antibodies generated by immunization of mice withPlasmodium berghei-infected red blood cells were found to react with the 75-kDa heat-shock protein (HSP70) present in liver stages and crythrocytic forms of the parasites. These antibodies were shown to react with a recombinant protein encoding the carboxyl terminal half of PfHSP70 (aa(More)
Proteases play an important role in the pathogenic mechanisms and differentiation events of protozoan parasites; the proteasome/ubiquitin system is essential for maintaining the differentiation state of many cell types. A single input of the specific inhibitor of proteasomes, lactacystin, prevented encystation of the protozoan parasite Entameoba invadens,(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Ty elements are transposons closely related to retroviruses. The DNA sequence of a functional Ty element (TyH3) is presented. The long terminal repeat sequences are different, suggesting that TyH3 is a recombinant Ty element. A chromosomal Ty element near the LYS2 gene, Ty173, was found to be nonfunctional, even though it has no(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi, the agent of Chagas disease, expresses on its surface a trans-sialidase that catalyzes preferentially the transference of alpha-2,3-linked sialic acid to acceptors containing terminal beta-galactosyl residues, instead of the typical hydrolysis reaction, found in most sialidases. The trans-sialidase is responsible for the acquisition of(More)
Giardia and Entamoeba parasites encase themselves in a carbohydrate-rich cyst for travel from host to host. Both parasites upregulate their Golgi apparatus during this process, yielding organelles that are now found to be similar to those of higher eukaryotes. In fact, unusual enzymes and structural proteins used for cyst wall synthesis, the complexity of(More)
A plasmid bearing a transpositionally functional GAL1::Ty1 fusion was mutagenized by insertion of four or five codons semirandomly throughout the plasmid. This collection of mutant plasmids was introduced into yeast cells and studied with regard to the properties of the mutant Ty1-encoded proteins and the transposition phenotypes observed. All of the(More)