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Three monoclonal antibodies generated by immunization of mice withPlasmodium berghei-infected red blood cells were found to react with the 75-kDa heat-shock protein (HSP70) present in liver stages and crythrocytic forms of the parasites. These antibodies were shown to react with a recombinant protein encoding the carboxyl terminal half of PfHSP70 (aa(More)
Differentiation of trophozoites into cysts in Entamoeba species has been described morphologically and to a lesser extent biochemically, but studies of stage specific gene expression have not been reported. At present Entamoeba invadens is the only species that can be induced to differentiate in axenic culture and is a useful model system for the human(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Ty elements are transposons closely related to retroviruses. The DNA sequence of a functional Ty element (TyH3) is presented. The long terminal repeat sequences are different, suggesting that TyH3 is a recombinant Ty element. A chromosomal Ty element near the LYS2 gene, Ty173, was found to be nonfunctional, even though it has no(More)
Several protozoan parasites of human have been found to express enzymes capable of releasing terminal sialic acid residues from host glycans. These include enzymes similar in activity to bacterial and viral sialidases, as well as a novel type of enzyme, trans-sialidase, which can transfer sialic acid from one carbohydrate chain to another. Here we report(More)
Sialic acids and sialidases play important roles in cellular interactions and modulate the recognition of pathogenic microbes by mammalian host cells. Protozoan parasites of the genus Trypanosoma express a unique sialic acid-metabolizing enzyme. This enzyme, named trans-sialidase (TS), catalyzes the transfer of sialic acids from host glycoconjugates to(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi does not synthesize sialic acid but does contain a trans-sialidase, an enzyme capable of transferring sialic acid between host glycoconjugates and the parasite. Sialic acids are negatively charged carbohydrates attached to the terminal non-reducing end of glycoproteins and glycolipids, and their presence can dramatically influence many(More)
trans-Sialidase isolated from trypomastigote forms of Trypanosoma cruzi, the protozoan parasite that causes Chagas' disease, is multimeric and heterogeneous in size. We show here that limited proteolysis of tans-sialidase with papain yields a single monomeric polypeptide chain of 70 kDa that conserves full enzymatic activity on soluble and membrane-bound(More)
The immunogenicity of a recombinant replication defective adenovirus expressing a major malaria Ag, the circumsporozoite (CS) protein (AdPyCS), was determined using a rodent malaria model. A single immunizing dose of this construct induced a large number of CS-specific CD8+ and CD4+ T cells in the spleens of these animals, particularly when given by the(More)
To broaden the range of tools available for proteomic research, we generated a library of 16,368 unique full-length human ORFs that are expressible as N-terminal GST-His(6) fusion proteins. Following expression in yeast, these proteins were then individually purified and used to construct a human proteome microarray. To demonstrate the usefulness of this(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi, the agent of Chagas disease, expresses on its surface a trans-sialidase that catalyzes preferentially the transference of alpha-2,3-linked sialic acid to acceptors containing terminal beta-galactosyl residues, instead of the typical hydrolysis reaction, found in most sialidases. The trans-sialidase is responsible for the acquisition of(More)