Learn More
Three monoclonal antibodies generated by immunization of mice with Plasmodium berghei-infected red blood cells were found to react with the 75-kDa heat-shock protein (HSP70) present in liver stages and erythrocytic forms of the parasites. These antibodies were shown to react with a recombinant protein encoding the carboxyl terminal half of PfHSP70 (aa(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Ty elements are transposons closely related to retroviruses. The DNA sequence of a functional Ty element (TyH3) is presented. The long terminal repeat sequences are different, suggesting that TyH3 is a recombinant Ty element. A chromosomal Ty element near the LYS2 gene, Ty173, was found to be nonfunctional, even though it has no(More)
Several protozoan parasites of human have been found to express enzymes capable of releasing terminal sialic acid residues from host glycans. These include enzymes similar in activity to bacterial and viral sialidases, as well as a novel type of enzyme, trans-sialidase, which can transfer sialic acid from one carbohydrate chain to another. Here we report(More)
Sialic acids and sialidases play important roles in cellular interactions and modulate the recognition of pathogenic microbes by mammalian host cells. Protozoan parasites of the genus Trypanosoma express a unique sialic acid-metabolizing enzyme. This enzyme, named trans-sialidase (TS), catalyzes the transfer of sialic acids from host glycoconjugates to(More)
To broaden the range of tools available for proteomic research, we generated a library of 16,368 unique full-length human ORFs that are expressible as N-terminal GST-His(6) fusion proteins. Following expression in yeast, these proteins were then individually purified and used to construct a human proteome microarray. To demonstrate the usefulness of this(More)
The immunogenicity of a recombinant replication defective adenovirus expressing a major malaria Ag, the circumsporozoite (CS) protein (AdPyCS), was determined using a rodent malaria model. A single immunizing dose of this construct induced a large number of CS-specific CD8+ and CD4+ T cells in the spleens of these animals, particularly when given by the(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi, the agent of Chagas disease, expresses on its surface a trans-sialidase that catalyzes preferentially the transference of alpha-2,3-linked sialic acid to acceptors containing terminal beta-galactosyl residues, instead of the typical hydrolysis reaction, found in most sialidases. The trans-sialidase is responsible for the acquisition of(More)
Of the increasing number of sialidases found to be made by microorganisms, the trypanosome trans-sialidase is unique in its added ability to efficiently carry out a sialyltransferase reaction using preformed glycoconjugates. The enzyme is predicted to have a multidomain structure, with one domain containing sequence and expected structural features found in(More)
Entamoeba invadens, a parasite of reptiles, is a model for the study of encystation by the human enteric pathogen Entamoeba histolytica, because E. invadens form cysts in axenic culture. With approximately 0.5-fold sequence coverage of the genome, we were able to get insights into E. invadens gene and genome features. Overall, the E. invadens genome(More)
trans-Sialidase isolated from trypomastigote forms of Trypanosoma cruzi, the protozoan parasite that causes Chagas' disease, is multimeric and heterogeneous in size. We show here that limited proteolysis of tans-sialidase with papain yields a single monomeric polypeptide chain of 70 kDa that conserves full enzymatic activity on soluble and membrane-bound(More)