Daniel J. Beard

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Dichloromethylene diphosphonate (Cl2MDP, or clodronate disodium) is one of the most potent of the known diphosphonates as an inhibitor of bone resorption and differs from EHDP in that it does not inhibit skeletal mineralization. It is one of the second generation diphosphonates now undergoing clinical evaluation. In the study described here Cl2MDP was given(More)
Recent human imaging studies indicate that reduced blood flow through pial collateral vessels ('collateral failure') is associated with late infarct expansion despite stable arterial occlusion. The cause for 'collateral failure' is unknown. We recently showed that intracranial pressure (ICP) rises dramatically but transiently 24 hours after even minor(More)
[2,2-Dimethyl-6-(4-chlorophenyl)-7-phenyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrrolizine-5- yl]-acetic acid (ML 3000) is a newly synthesized compound with analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory activity. The general pharmacological effects of ML 3000 following oral administration were investigated in experimental animals. The results showed that with regard to the CNS,(More)
Many aspects of CSF dynamics are poorly understood due to the difficulties involved in quantification and visualization. In particular, there is debate surrounding the route of CSF drainage. Our aim was to quantify CSF flow, volume, and drainage route dynamics in vivo in young and aged spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) using a novel contrast-enhanced(More)
The two most commonly used biochemical markers of bone turnover are the serum alkaline phosphatase and the urinary excretion of peptide-bound hydroxyproline, both of which are increased in Paget's disease. Serum alkaline phosphatase is assumed to be derived from osteoblasts during the process of bone formation, whereas small peptides containing(More)
INTRODUCTION This is a prospective study looking at the effectiveness of autologous postoperative drains in primary uncemented total hip replacement (THR) surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 86 patients were studied, with 43 using standard suction drains (normal drain group) and 43 using autologous drains (autologous drain group). RESULTS(More)
We have assessed the effects of the diphosphonate, dichloromethylene diphosphonate (Cl2MDP), in 19 patients with hypercalcaemia and increased bone resorption due to myeloma. Cl2MDP (800-3200 mg daily by mouth or 300 mg daily by intravenous infusion) decreased plasma calcium and biochemical indices of increased bone resorption in 16 of 19 patients. This(More)
The clinical and radiographic features of spinal cord dysfunction secondary to Paget's disease are described. Long-term medical management with the use of the diphosphonates, calcitonins and mithramycin resulted in marked and rapid clinical improvements in 8 of 10 of our own patients. These results are comparable to those seen in 19 other patients(More)
Leptomeningeal collateral vessels, linking the 3 major arterial territories over the surface of the brain, have been recognized for >140 years. More widespread use of advanced clinical imaging in the past decade has led to increasing recognition of the key importance of collaterals in ischemic stroke outcome. However, recent studies from several groups(More)
The effects of repeated oral administration of cytidine diphosphate choline (CDP-choline, citicoline, Somazina) and vehicle on the EEG changes induced by epidural brain compression have been studied in the anaesthetised cat. The effects on arterial pressure and heart rate were also monitored. CDP-Choline-treated cats exhibited a statistically significant(More)