Daniel Isabey

Learn More
To investigate the effect of positive or negative inspiratory pressure on respiration, eight subjects breathed, either without or with added external dead space (VD, 600 ml), through either added inspiratory laminar flow resistances (RES; peak inspiratory airway pressure, Pinsp, down to -9 cmH2O) or with inspiratory pressure support (IPS; Pinsp up to +10(More)
This study aims at quantifying the cellular mechanical properties based on a partitioning of the cytoskeleton in a cortical and a cytosolic compartments. The mechanical response of epithelial cells obtained by magnetocytometry - a micromanipulation technique which uses twisted ferromagnetic beads specifically linked to integrin receptors - was purposely(More)
The effects of flow triggering (FT) as compared with pressure triggering (PT) on breathing effort have been the focus of several studies, and discrepant results have been reported. In the initial part of our study, a lung model was used to quantify triggering effort (airway pressure-time product, PTPaw) for a range of sensitivity settings in nine(More)
This paper describes a technique that combines radial MRI and phase contrast (PC) to map the velocities of hyperpolarized gases ((3)He) in respiratory airways. The method was evaluated on well known geometries (straight and U-shaped pipes) before it was applied in vivo. Dynamic 2D maps of the three velocity components were obtained from a 10-mm slice with(More)
Running head In vitro hyperpolarized 3 He MR velocimetry for CFD validation in human airways ABSTRACT Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and magnetic resonance (MR) gas velocimetry were concurrently performed to study airflow in the same model of human proximal airways. Realistic in vivo-based human airway geometry was segmented from thoracic computed(More)
Cell mechanics provides an integrated view of many biological phenomena which are intimately related to cell structure and function. Because breathing constitutes a sustained motion synonymous with life, pulmonary cells are normally designed to support permanent cyclic stretch without breaking, while receiving mechanical cues from their environment. The(More)
Measurement of input respiratory impedance is carried out by superimposing forced oscillations on spontaneous breathing. The latter thus acts as a quasi-steady unidirectional flow component, with effects on the measured impedance that are habitually neglected (linearity assumption). We examined the validity of that assumption in the case of a turbulent(More)
We show herein how mechanical forces at macro or micro scales may affect the biological response at the nanoscale. The reason resides in the intimate link between chemistry and mechanics at the molecular level. These interactions occur under dynamic conditions such as the shear stress induced by flowing blood or the intracellular tension. Thus, resisting(More)
This study aims at improving the understanding of mechanisms responsible for cell sensitivity to extracellular environment. We explain how substrate mechanical properties can modulate the force regulation of cell sensitive elements primarily adhesion sites. We present a theoretical and experimental comparison between two radically different approaches of(More)