Daniel Isabey

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To investigate the effect of positive or negative inspiratory pressure on respiration, eight subjects breathed, either without or with added external dead space (VD, 600 ml), through either added inspiratory laminar flow resistances (RES; peak inspiratory airway pressure, Pinsp, down to -9 cmH2O) or with inspiratory pressure support (IPS; Pinsp up to +10(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the performance characteristics of all the ventilators proposed for home noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation in children in France. The ventilators (one volume-targeted, 12 pressure-targeted and four dual) were evaluated on a bench which simulated six different paediatric ventilatory patterns. For each(More)
The effects of flow triggering (FT) as compared with pressure triggering (PT) on breathing effort have been the focus of several studies, and discrepant results have been reported. In the initial part of our study, a lung model was used to quantify triggering effort (airway pressure-time product, PTPaw) for a range of sensitivity settings in nine(More)
Nasal compliance is a measure related to the blood volume in the nasal mucosa. The objective of this study was to better understand the vascular response in vasomotor rhinitis by measuring nasal cross-sectional area and nasal compliance before and after mucosal decongestion in 10 patients with vasomotor rhinitis compared with 10 healthy subjects. Nasal(More)
This study aims at quantifying the cellular mechanical properties based on a partitioning of the cytoskeleton in a cortical and a cytosolic compartments. The mechanical response of epithelial cells obtained by magnetocytometry - a micromanipulation technique which uses twisted ferromagnetic beads specifically linked to integrin receptors - was purposely(More)
This paper describes a technique that combines radial MRI and phase contrast (PC) to map the velocities of hyperpolarized gases ((3)He) in respiratory airways. The method was evaluated on well known geometries (straight and U-shaped pipes) before it was applied in vivo. Dynamic 2D maps of the three velocity components were obtained from a 10-mm slice with(More)
Running head In vitro hyperpolarized 3 He MR velocimetry for CFD validation in human airways ABSTRACT Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and magnetic resonance (MR) gas velocimetry were concurrently performed to study airflow in the same model of human proximal airways. Realistic in vivo-based human airway geometry was segmented from thoracic computed(More)
Most pressure-support devices use a single circuit with an exhalation port integrated in the mask. The aim of the current study was to compare the effects of masks having different manufacturer-inserted leaks on ventilator performance. We simulated chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and restrictive disease. Four ventilators (VENTImotion (Weinmann,(More)
Cell mechanics provides an integrated view of many biological phenomena which are intimately related to cell structure and function. Because breathing constitutes a sustained motion synonymous with life, pulmonary cells are normally designed to support permanent cyclic stretch without breaking, while receiving mechanical cues from their environment. The(More)