Daniel I Schenkman

Learn More
Tristetraprolin (TTP) is a widely expressed potential transcription factor that contains two unusual CCCH zinc fingers and is encoded by the immediate-early response gene, Zfp-36. Mice made deficient in TTP by gene targeting appeared normal at birth, but soon manifested marked medullary and extramedullary myeloid hyperplasia associated with cachexia,(More)
The expression of endogenous retrotransposable elements, including long interspersed nuclear element 1 (LINE-1 or L1) and human endogenous retrovirus, accompanies neoplastic transformation and infection with viruses such as HIV. The ability to engender immunity safely against such self-antigens would facilitate the development of novel vaccines and(More)
To address the role of ras signaling in monocytic phagocytes in vivo, the expression of two dominant suppressors of in vitro ras signaling pathways, the carboxyl-terminal region of the GTPase-activating protein (GAP-C) and the DNA binding domain of the transcription factor ets-2, were targeted to this cell compartment. A 5-kb portion of the human c-fms(More)
An absorbable staple for meniscal fixation was developed and evaluated in an in vivo canine study. The staple consisted of two rigid barbed legs, made of a copolymer of polyglycolic acid and polylactic acid, connected by a flexible suture made of the same absorbable material. The staple was developed for arthroscopic use, eliminating the risk of nerve or(More)
Local delivery of antibiotics by a degradable carrier has the potential for high local antibiotic levels and avoids systemic toxicity. Intravenous access, renal function monitoring, and subsequent surgical removal may not be required when degradable local delivery modalities are used. This study examined the in vivo elution of gentamicin from processed(More)
We describe analysis of suspensory ligaments from horses with advanced degenerative suspensory ligament desmitis (DSLD) to identify the major proteoglycans (PGs), ADAMTS-aggrecanases and inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor (IαI) components associated with ligament degeneration. Specific anatomical regions of suspensory ligaments from two normal horses and four(More)
Severe combined immunodeficient (scid) and BALB/c mice were experimentally infected with murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV). Scid mice infected by the intraperitoneal route died or were moribund at dose-dependent times ranging from 12 to 13 days after inoculation for > or = 3.00 x 10(4) plaque forming units (pfu) of virus to 25 days for 1.17 x 10(2) pfu.(More)
The first influenza pandemic of the 21st century was caused by novel H1N1 viruses that emerged in early 2009. An Asp-to-Gly change at position 222 of the receptor-binding protein hemagglutinin (HA) correlates with more-severe infections in humans. The amino acid at position 222 of HA contributes to receptor-binding specificity with Asp (typically found in(More)
The first influenza pandemic of the 21st century was caused by novel H1N1 viruses that emerged in early 2009. Molecular evolutionary analyses of the 2009 pandemic influenza A H1N1 [A(H1N1)pdm09] virus revealed two major clusters, cluster I and cluster II. Although the pathogenicity of viruses belonging to cluster I, which became extinct by the end of 2009,(More)
The effect of experimental, peracute, porcine pleuropneumonia on arterial blood gases, acid base status, the leukogram, and gross and microscopic lung structure was studied in nine growing pigs (mean weight +/- SD 10.6 +/- 2.0 kg). Pigs were inoculated intranasally with a virulent serotype 5 isolate of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, and all showed signs(More)