Daniel I. Khomskii

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We show that charge ordered rare-earth nickelates of the type RNiO3 (R = Ho, Lu, Pr and Nd) are multiferroic with very large magnetically-induced ferroelectric (FE) polarizations. This we determine from first principles electronic structure calculations. The emerging FE polarization is directly tied to the long-standing puzzle of which kind of magnetic(More)
We found direct experimental evidence for an orbital switching in the V 3d states across the metal-insulator transition in VO2. We have used soft-x-ray absorption spectroscopy at the V L2,3 edges as a sensitive local probe and have determined quantitatively the orbital polarizations. These results strongly suggest that, in going from the metallic to the(More)
In this contribution to the special issue on multiferroics we focus on multiferroicity driven by different forms of charge ordering. We will present the generic mechanisms by which charge ordering can induce ferroelectricity in magnetic systems. There is a number of specific classes of materials for which this is relevant. We will discuss in some detail (i)(More)
Transition metal oxides with a perovskite-type structure constitute a large group of compounds with interesting properties. Among them are materials such as the prototypical ferroelectric system BaTiO(3), colossal magnetoresistance manganites and the high-T(c) superconductors. Hundreds of these compounds are magnetic, and hundreds of others are(More)
Aimed at graduate students and researchers, this book covers the key aspects of the modern quantum theory of solids, including up-to-date ideas such as quantum fluctuations and strong electron correlations. It presents the main concepts of the modern quantum theory of solids, as well as a general description of the essential theoretical methods required(More)
We report the multiferroic behaviour of MnWO4, a magnetic oxide with monoclinic crystal structure and spiral long-range magnetic order. Based upon recent theoretical predictions MnWO4 should exhibit ferroelectric polarization coexisting with the proper magnetic structure. We have confirmed the multiferroic state below 13 K by observing a finite electrical(More)
Electronic conduction in GaM4Se8 (M=Nb,Ta) compounds with the fcc GaMo4S8-type structure originates from hopping of localized unpaired electrons (S=1 / 2) among widely separated tetrahedral M4 metal clusters. We show that under pressure these systems transform from Mott insulators to a metallic and superconducting state with T(C)=2.9 and 5.8 K at 13 and(More)
Contrary to previous studies that classify Na(2)IrO(3) as a realization of the Heisenberg-Kitaev model with a dominant spin-orbit coupling, we show that this system represents a highly unusual case in which the electronic structure is dominated by the formation of quasimolecular orbitals (QMOs), with substantial quenching of the orbital moments. The QMOs(More)
The close connection of electricity and magnetism is one of the cornerstones of modern physics. This connection has a crucial role from a fundamental point of view and in practical applications, including spintronics and multiferroic materials. A breakthrough was a recent proposal that in magnetic materials called spin ice the elementary excitations have a(More)