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The discovery of artemisinin more than 30 years ago provided a completely new antimalarial structural prototype; that is, a molecule with a pharmacophoric peroxide bond in a unique 1,2,4-trioxane heterocycle. Available evidence suggests that artemisinin and related peroxidic antimalarial drugs exert their parasiticidal activity subsequent to reductive(More)
BACKGROUND Polyketides are important compounds with antibiotic and anticancer activities. Several modular polyketide synthases (PKSs) contain a terminal thioesterase (TE) domain probably responsible for the release and concomitant cyclization of the fully processed polyketide chain. Because the TE domain influences qualitative aspects of product formation(More)
Modular polyketide synthases (PKSs) are a large family of multifunctional enzymes responsible for the biosynthesis of numerous bacterial natural products such as erythromycin and rifamycin. Advanced genetic analysis of these remarkable systems is often seriously hampered by the large size (>40 kb) of PKS gene clusters, and, notwithstanding their(More)
Synthesis and SAR are described for a structurally distinct class of DPP-IV inhibitors based on aminobenzo[a]quinolizines bearing (hetero-)aromatic substituents in the S1 specificity pocket. The m-(fluoromethyl)-phenyl derivative (S,S,S)-2g possesses the best fit in the S1 pocket. However, (S,S,S)-2i, bearing a more hydrophilic 5-methyl-pyridin-2-yl residue(More)
According to a recent survey, 16% of all Swiss companies use an e-commerce solution to sell their products [15]. On the other hand, most companies in Switzerland are unfamiliar with the use of the Internet for purchasing and procurement processes and especially for online buying. This paper discusses the new requirements for procurement and shows the new(More)
A recently identified DPP-IV inhibitor (1) was found to induce phospholipidosis and to inhibit CYP3A4. A small series of less lipophilic and less amphiphilic analogues was synthesized in an effort to overcome these issues. One compound from this series was equipotent to 1, did not induce phospholipidosis and showed a reduced CYP3A4 inhibition.
In a search for novel DPP-IV inhibitors, 2-aminobenzo[a]quinolizines were identified as submicromolar HTS hits. Due to the difficult synthetic access to this compound class, 1,3-disubstituted 4-aminopiperidines were used as model compounds for optimization. The developed synthetic methodology and the SAR could be transferred to the(More)
Prevalence of type 2 diabetes has increased dramatically in the last decades. Current medicines are not yet capable to efficiently prevent or reverse progression of the disease and its associated comorbidities. As a consequence, there is a great need for novel antidiabetic drugs. Treatments of type 2 diabetes that are based on enhanced and sustained action(More)
In an effort to find novel semisynthetic macrolides with extended antibacterial spectrum and improved activity we prepared a series of compounds based on commercially available clarithromycin, a potent and safe antimicrobial agent of outstanding clinical and commercial interest. According to the literature, improvement of antibacterial activity of(More)