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BACKGROUND Acute renal failure (ARF) ranks among the most frequent complications in critically ill patients and continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is a typical treatment regimen in intensive care patients. Contributing factors to ARF, such as septic shock and hemodynamic instability require extended hemodynamic monitoring, and the simultaneous use(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the broad application of intraoperative warming new studies still show a high incidence of perioperative hypothermia. Therefore a prewarming program in the preoperative holding area was started. METHODS The efficacy of the prewarming program was assessed with an accompanying quality assurance check sheet over a period of 3 months. (More)
Green tea catechins are considered as possible cancer preventive agents for several cancer types but little is known regarding their effects on pancreatic cancer cells. The best studied catechin and the major polyphenol present in green tea is epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG). In the present study, we investigated the in vitro anti-tumoral properties of EGCG(More)
OBJECTIVE Preoperative assessment of risk factors for postoperative acute renal failure (ARF) is a key point in the management of cardiac surgery patients. A reliable evaluation of individual risk permits the efficient application of prophylactic and therapeutic measures to patients with increased risk of ARF. In 2005, Thakar published a scoring system to(More)
BACKGROUND Renal failure is common in critically ill patients and frequently requires continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). CRRT is discontinued at regular intervals for routine changes of the disposable equipment or for replacing clogged filter membrane assemblies. The present study was conducted to determine if the necessity to continue CRRT could(More)
Since 1st October 2003 the new German "Approbationsordnung für Arzte" (Medical Licensing Regulations) requires an increasing amount of small group teaching sessions and encourages a multidisciplinary and more practical approach to the related topics. In 2004 the German Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine has provided almost all(More)
OBJECTIVE Acute renal injury is a frequent complication after cardiac surgery that necessitates additional treatment and increases mortality. To apply measures for optimizing renal function in a well-directed and effective way, it is most important to detect acute kidney injury at an early stage. The present study compares three markers of renal tubular(More)
After cardiac surgery, transient renal dysfunction often occurs. Regional differentiation of these processes is possible only using invasive techniques, including renal biopsy. Approximately 30 different plasma protein components have been identified in the urine of healthy individuals by means of qualitative and quantitative immunochemical methods. The(More)
Postoperative bleeding might become a serious problem in the management of cardiac surgical patients, with marked medical and economic impact. In these life-threatening situations, massive haemorrhage represents frequently a combination of surgical and coagulopathic bleeding. Surgical bleeding results from a definite source at the operation site and can be(More)
BACKGROUND Though acute renal failure among cardiac surgery patients is associated with increased mortality, diagnosis of renal failure is often delayed due to the late detectability of laboratory markers for kidney failure. Recently, a number of clinical studies have shown that glomerular filtration rate (GFR) can be estimated by measuring the serum(More)