Learn More
STUDY DESIGN Longitudinal study of the measurement properties of a brief outcome instrument. OBJECTIVE In patients undergoing surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis, we compared the responsiveness of the Core Outcome Measures Index (COMI) with that of the condition-specific Swiss Spinal Stenosis Measure (SSM), an instrument developed to assess patients with(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT The burst fracture of a vertebra is the result of a complex loading procedure and is often associated with intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration. Likewise, the presumed etiologies are (i) the structural perturbation of the IVD/end plate, (ii) the impact of loading energy alone, and (iii) the depressurization of the nucleus pulposus. (More)
It has been recognized that one of the most difficult steps in intramedullary nailing of femoral shaft fractures is the distal locking - the insertion of distal transverse interlocking screws, for which it is necessary to know the positions and orientations of the distal locking holes (DLHs) of the intramedullary nail (IMN). This paper presents a robust and(More)
There is a major controversy whether spinal trauma with vertebral endplate fractures can result in post-traumatic disc degeneration. Intervertebral discs, which are adjacent to burst endplates, are frequently removed and an intercorporal spondylodesis is performed. In any case, the biological effects within the discs following endplate fractures are poorly(More)
PURPOSE Post-traumatic disc degeneration (DD) is currently investigated with models not fully matching the clinical condition, in particular post-traumatic loading of the disc is not considered. Therefore, the aim was to establish an in vitro burst fracture model that more closely mimics the in vivo situation by including post-traumatic physiological(More)
STUDY DESIGN Single-center retrospective study of prospectively collected data, nested within the Eurospine Spine Tango data acquisition system. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess the patient-rated outcome and complication rates associated with lumbar fusion procedures in three different age groups. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA There is a(More)
It is generally agreed that the mechanical environment of intervertebral disc cells plays an important role in maintaining a balanced matrix metabolism. The precise mechanism by which the signals are transduced into the cells is poorly understood. Osmotic changes in the extracellular matrix (ECM) are thought to be involved. Current in-vitro studies on this(More)
Vertebral endplate damage is associated with intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration (DD) in vivo as confirmed by in-vitro investigations. Our aims were to further characterize the process of DD using an in vitro full-organ culture model and to elucidate whether significant endplate damage or impact loading alone is pivotal for the initiation of DD. Rabbit(More)
Sterile immunity to the Gram-positive facultative intracellular bacterium Listeria monocytogenes critically depends on cytotoxic CD8+ T lymphocytes. However, the cytotoxic cell population able to kill infected cells before specific T cells are generated is not well characterised. Based on histological observations and the use of monoclonal antibodies(More)
INTRODUCTION Different approaches for disc regeneration are currently under investigation. Beside gene therapy and tissue engineering techniques, the application of growth and differentiation factors own promising potential. Studies using reduced intervertebral disc models, such as cell or tissue fragment cultures, have limited validity and show(More)