Daniel Hantaï

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The LMNA gene encodes lamins A and C, two intermediate filament-type proteins that are important determinants of interphase nuclear architecture. Mutations in LMNA lead to a wide spectrum of human diseases including autosomal dominant Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (AD-EDMD), which affects skeletal and cardiac muscle. The cellular mechanisms by which(More)
We report the first case of a human neuromuscular transmission dysfunction due to mutations in the gene encoding the muscle-specific receptor tyrosine kinase (MuSK). Gene analysis identified two heteroallelic mutations, a frameshift mutation (c.220insC) and a missense mutation (V790M). The muscle biopsy showed dramatic pre- and postsynaptic structural(More)
Congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMSs) are a heterogeneous group of diseases caused by genetic defects affecting neuromuscular transmission. Mutations of DOK7 have recently been described in recessive forms of CMS. Dok-7 is a cytoplasmic post-synaptic protein co-activator of the muscle-specific receptor-tyrosine kinase (MuSK) involved in neuromuscular(More)
Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a key regulator of cell growth that associates with raptor and rictor to form the mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) and mTORC2, respectively. Raptor is required for oxidative muscle integrity, whereas rictor is dispensable. In this study, we show that muscle-specific inactivation of mTOR leads to severe myopathy, resulting in(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Congenital myasthenic syndromes are a heterogeneous group of diseases caused by genetic defects affecting neuromuscular transmission. In this article, a strategy that leads to the diagnosis of congenital myasthenic syndromes is presented, and recent advances in the clinical, genetic and molecular aspects of congenital myasthenic syndrome(More)
We report the case of a congenital myasthenic syndrome due to a mutation in AGRN, the gene encoding agrin, an extracellular matrix molecule released by the nerve and critical for formation of the neuromuscular junction. Gene analysis identified a homozygous missense mutation, c.5125G>C, leading to the p.Gly1709Arg variant. The muscle-biopsy specimen showed(More)
Amyloid precursor protein (APP), associated with Alzheimer's disease plaques, is known to be present in synapses of the brain and in the adult neuromuscular junction (NMJ). In the present study we examined protein and gene expression of APP during the development of mouse skeletal muscle. Using immunocytochemical approaches, we found that APP is first(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a typically rapidly progressive neurodegenerative disorder affecting motor neurons leading to progressive muscle paralysis and death, usually from respiratory failure, in 3-5 years. Some patients have slow disease progression and prolonged survival, but the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. Riluzole, the only(More)
Congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMSs) are a heterogeneous group of genetic disorders affecting neuromuscular transmission. The agrin/muscle-specific kinase (MuSK) pathway is critical for proper development and maintenance of the neuromuscular junction (NMJ). We report here an Iranian patient in whom CMS was diagnosed since he presented with congenital and(More)
Tubular aggregates are observed in various muscle disorders and appear as densely packed tubules believed to arise from sarcoplasmic reticulum of striated muscle. They are found both in human skeletal muscle, especially from patients suffering from 'tubular aggregate myopathy' and in fast twitch skeletal muscle of the male inbred mouse during aging. In this(More)