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We report the first case of a human neuromuscular transmission dysfunction due to mutations in the gene encoding the muscle-specific receptor tyrosine kinase (MuSK). Gene analysis identified two heteroallelic mutations, a frameshift mutation (c.220insC) and a missense mutation (V790M). The muscle biopsy showed dramatic pre- and postsynaptic structural(More)
The LMNA gene encodes lamins A and C, two intermediate filament-type proteins that are important determinants of interphase nuclear architecture. Mutations in LMNA lead to a wide spectrum of human diseases including autosomal dominant Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (AD-EDMD), which affects skeletal and cardiac muscle. The cellular mechanisms by which(More)
In the muscle-specific tyrosine kinase receptor gene MUSK, a heteroallelic missense and a null mutation were identified in a patient suffering from a congenital myasthenic syndrome (CMS). We generated one mouse line carrying the homozygous missense mutation V789M in musk (musk(V789M/V789M) mice) and a second hemizygous line, resembling the patient genotype,(More)
Tubular aggregates are observed in various muscle disorders and appear as densely packed tubules believed to arise from sarcoplasmic reticulum of striated muscle. They are found both in human skeletal muscle, especially from patients suffering from 'tubular aggregate myopathy' and in fast twitch skeletal muscle of the male inbred mouse during aging. In this(More)
Tubular aggregates are morphological abnormalities characterized by the accumulation of densely packed tubules in skeletal muscle fibres. To improve knowledge of tubular aggregates, the formation and role of which are still unclear, the present study reports the electron microscopic analysis and protein characterization of tubular aggregates in six patients(More)
Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a key regulator of cell growth that associates with raptor and rictor to form the mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) and mTORC2, respectively. Raptor is required for oxidative muscle integrity, whereas rictor is dispensable. In this study, we show that muscle-specific inactivation of mTOR leads to severe myopathy, resulting in(More)
Protease nexin I is a 43-50 kDa glycoprotein capable of inhibiting a number of serine proteases. In cultured differentiated human skeletal muscle (myotubes), we previously found that protease nexin I was localized in patches at their surface where it was active and able to inhibit thrombin. To understand the role of skeletal muscle protease nexin I after(More)
We examined the localization of the normal cellular isoform of prion protein (PrPc) in mammalian skeletal muscle. Using two anti-PrP antibodies, the neuromuscular junction (NMJ) was preferentially stained after immunohistofluorescence. The mouse, hamster, and human NMJ displayed a fluorescent signal specific for PrPc. Postembedding immunoelectron microscopy(More)
Congenital myasthenic syndromes with endplate acetylcholinesterase deficiency are very rare autosomal recessive diseases, characterized by onset of the disease in childhood, general weakness increased by exertion, ophthalmoplegia and refractoriness to anticholinesterase drugs. To date, all reported cases are due to mutations within the gene encoding ColQ, a(More)
Slow and fast contracting muscles differ in their innervation and electrophysiological properties as well as in their regenerating potentialities. The purpose of the present work was to investigate the expression of plasminogen activators and its possible relation to each type of muscle. Slow (Soleus) and fast (Extensor Digitorum Longus) muscles were(More)