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We report the first case of a human neuromuscular transmission dysfunction due to mutations in the gene encoding the muscle-specific receptor tyrosine kinase (MuSK). Gene analysis identified two heteroallelic mutations, a frameshift mutation (c.220insC) and a missense mutation (V790M). The muscle biopsy showed dramatic pre- and postsynaptic structural(More)
The LMNA gene encodes lamins A and C, two intermediate filament-type proteins that are important determinants of interphase nuclear architecture. Mutations in LMNA lead to a wide spectrum of human diseases including autosomal dominant Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (AD-EDMD), which affects skeletal and cardiac muscle. The cellular mechanisms by which(More)
We report the case of a congenital myasthenic syndrome due to a mutation in AGRN, the gene encoding agrin, an extracellular matrix molecule released by the nerve and critical for formation of the neuromuscular junction. Gene analysis identified a homozygous missense mutation, c.5125G>C, leading to the p.Gly1709Arg variant. The muscle-biopsy specimen showed(More)
Congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMSs) are a heterogeneous group of genetic disorders affecting neuromuscular transmission. The agrin/muscle-specific kinase (MuSK) pathway is critical for proper development and maintenance of the neuromuscular junction (NMJ). We report here an Iranian patient in whom CMS was diagnosed since he presented with congenital and(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Congenital myasthenic syndromes are a heterogeneous group of diseases caused by genetic defects affecting neuromuscular transmission. In this article, a strategy that leads to the diagnosis of congenital myasthenic syndromes is presented, and recent advances in the clinical, genetic and molecular aspects of congenital myasthenic syndrome(More)
Congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMSs) are a heterogeneous group of diseases caused by genetic defects affecting neuromuscular transmission. Mutations of DOK7 have recently been described in recessive forms of CMS. Dok-7 is a cytoplasmic post-synaptic protein co-activator of the muscle-specific receptor-tyrosine kinase (MuSK) involved in neuromuscular(More)
Recombinant human insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) is being considered as a possible therapeutic agent for the treatment of motoneuron diseases like amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The neurological mutant mouse wobbler, carries an autosomal recessive gene (wr) and has been characterized as a model of lower motoneuron disorders with associated muscle(More)
The biosynthesis of fibronectin and laminin was studied in satellite cells cultured from adult rat muscles before (day 4) and after fusion and formation of myotubes (day 14) using (35S) methionine as a tracer. The kinetics of incorporation into immunoprecipitable fibronectin and laminin were recorded at intervals from 1.5 to 24 hours of incubation with the(More)