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In the muscle-specific tyrosine kinase receptor gene MUSK, a heteroallelic missense and a null mutation were identified in a patient suffering from a congenital myasthenic syndrome (CMS). We generated one mouse line carrying the homozygous missense mutation V789M in musk (musk(V789M/V789M) mice) and a second hemizygous line, resembling the patient genotype,(More)
The LMNA gene encodes lamins A and C, two intermediate filament-type proteins that are important determinants of interphase nuclear architecture. Mutations in LMNA lead to a wide spectrum of human diseases including autosomal dominant Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (AD-EDMD), which affects skeletal and cardiac muscle. The cellular mechanisms by which(More)
Tubular aggregates are observed in various muscle disorders and appear as densely packed tubules believed to arise from sarcoplasmic reticulum of striated muscle. They are found both in human skeletal muscle, especially from patients suffering from 'tubular aggregate myopathy' and in fast twitch skeletal muscle of the male inbred mouse during aging. In this(More)
Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a key regulator of cell growth that associates with raptor and rictor to form the mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) and mTORC2, respectively. Raptor is required for oxidative muscle integrity, whereas rictor is dispensable. In this study, we show that muscle-specific inactivation of mTOR leads to severe myopathy, resulting in(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Congenital myasthenic syndromes are a heterogeneous group of diseases caused by genetic defects affecting neuromuscular transmission. In this article, a strategy that leads to the diagnosis of congenital myasthenic syndromes is presented, and recent advances in the clinical, genetic and molecular aspects of congenital myasthenic syndrome(More)
We report the case of a congenital myasthenic syndrome due to a mutation in AGRN, the gene encoding agrin, an extracellular matrix molecule released by the nerve and critical for formation of the neuromuscular junction. Gene analysis identified a homozygous missense mutation, c.5125G>C, leading to the p.Gly1709Arg variant. The muscle-biopsy specimen showed(More)
In the course of studies on thrombin and its inhibitor(s) in synaptic plasticity, we addressed the question of their roles in the formation of neuromuscular junctions (NMJ) and used a model of rat neuron-myotube cocultures. We report that the size of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) patches used as a marker of neuromuscular contacts was decreased in the presence(More)
We examined the localization of the normal cellular isoform of prion protein (PrPc) in mammalian skeletal muscle. Using two anti-PrP antibodies, the neuromuscular junction (NMJ) was preferentially stained after immunohistofluorescence. The mouse, hamster, and human NMJ displayed a fluorescent signal specific for PrPc. Postembedding immunoelectron microscopy(More)
Amyloid precursor protein (APP), associated with Alzheimer's disease plaques, is known to be present in synapses of the brain and in the adult neuromuscular junction (NMJ). In the present study we examined protein and gene expression of APP during the development of mouse skeletal muscle. Using immunocytochemical approaches, we found that APP is first(More)