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The IncP alpha promiscuous plasmid (R18, R68, RK2, RP1 and RP4) comprises 60,099 bp of nucleotide sequence, encoding at least 74 genes. About 40 kb of the genome, designated the IncP core and including all essential replication and transfer functions, can be aligned with equivalent sequences in the IncP beta plasmid R751. The compiled IncP alpha sequence(More)
The antimicrobial metabolite 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol (2,4-DAPG) contributes to the capacity of Pseudomonas fluorescens strain CHA0 to control plant diseases caused by soilborne pathogens. A 2, 4-DAPG-negative Tn5 insertion mutant of strain CHA0 was isolated, and the nucleotide sequence of the 4-kb genomic DNA region adjacent to the Tn5 insertion site was(More)
The minimal replicon of the Pseudomonas plasmid pVS1 was genetically defined and combined with the Escherichia coli p15A replicon, to provide a series of new, oligocopy cloning vectors (5.3 to 8.3 kb). Recombinant plasmids derived from these vectors were stable in growing and nongrowing cells of root-colonizing P. fluorescens strains incubated under(More)
The acid-base status of extra- and intracellular fluids was studied in relation to the anaerobic energy metabolism in the adductor muscle, mantle, gills, and heart of the marine bivalve Crassostrea gigas after exposure to air for periods of 2, 4, 8, 12, 24, and 48 h. Such exposure was found to cause a significant reduction in the pH in the hemolymph (pH(e))(More)
  • S Heeb, D Haas
  • 2001
The sensor kinase GacS and the response regulator GacA are members of a two-component system that is present in a wide variety of gram-negative bacteria and has been studied mainly in enteric bacteria and fluorescent pseudomonads. The GacS/GacA system controls the production of secondary metabolites and extracellular enzymes involved in pathogenicity to(More)
For insertional mutagenesis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a derivative of the kanamycin-resistance (KmR) transposon Tn5 was constructed (Tn5-751) that carried the trimethoprim-resistance (TpR) determinant from plasmid R751 as an additional marker. Double selection for KmR and TpR avoided the isolation of spontaneous aminoglycoside-resistant mutants which occur(More)
Pseudomonas fluorescens CHA0 produces several secondary metabolites, e.g., the antibiotics pyoluteorin (Plt) and 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol (Phl), which are important for the suppression of root diseases caused by soil-borne fungal pathogens. A Tn5 insertion mutant of strain CHA0, CHA625, does not produce Phl, shows enhanced Plt production on malt agar, and(More)
Pseudomonas fluorescens CHA0 colonizes plant roots, produces several secondary metabolites in stationary growth phase, and suppresses a number of plant diseases, including Thielaviopsis basicola-induced black root rot of tobacco. We discovered that mutations in a P. fluorescens gene named gacA (for global antibiotic and cyanide control) pleiotropically(More)
Virulence factors of Pseudomonas aeruginosa include hydrogen cyanide (HCN). This secondary metabolite is maximally produced at low oxygen tension and high cell densities during the transition from exponential to stationary growth phase. The hcnABC genes encoding HCN synthase were identified on a genomic fragment complementing an HCN-deficient mutant of P.(More)
Some kinetic properties of N-acetylglutamate 5-phosphotransferase (ATP: N-acetyl-L-glutamate 5-phosphotransferase EC purified approx. 2000-fold from Pseudomonas aeruginosa have been studied. The enzyme required Mg2+ for activity. Mn2+, Zn2+, Co2+, and Ca2+, in this order, could replace Mg2+ partially. The substrate specificity was narrow:(More)