Daniel H. Seitz

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Severe blunt chest trauma remains an important injury with high morbidity and mortality. However, the associated immunological alterations are poorly understood. Existing big animal models require large-scale settings, are often too expensive, and research products for immunological studies are limited. In this study we aimed to establish a new model of(More)
BACKGROUND Chest trauma frequently occurs in severely injured patients and is often associated with hemorrhagic shock. Immune dysfunction contributes to the adverse outcome of multiple injuries. The aims of this study were to establish a combined model of lung contusion and hemorrhage and to evaluate the cardiopulmonary and immunologic response. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to determine whether lung contusion induces an increased pulmonary recruitment of monocytes as a source of alveolar macrophages and which mediators are involved. SETTING AND DESIGN Prospective animal study. SUBJECTS AND INTERVENTIONS Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to chest trauma by a single blast wave. (More)
Alveolar type 2 (AT-2) cell apoptosis is an important mechanism during lung inflammation, lung injury, and regeneration. Blunt chest trauma has been shown to activate inflammatory cells such as alveolar macrophages (AMs) or neutrophils (polymorphonuclear granulocytes [PMNs]), resulting in an inflammatory response. The present study was performed to(More)
BACKGROUND Blunt chest trauma is an injury that enhances the morbidity and mortality rate, particularly in the context of polytrauma. Our previous studies showed local and systemic inflammatory alterations after blunt chest trauma in mice. This study was designed to determine whether alveolar macrophages (AMΦ) have an alleviative role in this posttraumatic(More)
BACKGROUND When used as a pretreatment, hydrogen sulfide (H2S) either attenuated or aggravated lung injury. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis whether posttreatment intravenous Na2S (sulfide) may attenuate lung injury. METHODS After blast wave blunt chest trauma or sham procedure, anesthetized and instrumented mice received continuous intravenous sulfide(More)
The treatment of acute lung injury and septic complications after blunt chest trauma remains a challenge. Inhaled hydrogen sulfide (H₂S) may cause a hibernation-like metabolic state, which refers to an attenuated systemic inflammatory response. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that inhaled H₂S-induced suspended animation may attenuate the inflammation(More)
The purpose of this study was to characterize the local pulmonary inflammatory environment and to elucidate alterations of alveolar macrophage (AMØ) functions after blunt chest trauma. Wistar rats were subjected to blunt chest trauma. AMØ were isolated, stimulated, and cultured. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was collected. Cytokines/chemokines were(More)
Inhaling hydrogen sulfide (H2S) reduced energy expenditure resulting in hypothermia. Because the inflammatory effects of either hypothermia alone or H2S per se still are a matter of debate, we tested the hypothesis whether inhaled H2S amplifies the hypothermia-related modulation of the inflammatory response. Fifteen hours after cecal ligation and puncture(More)
Blunt chest trauma is known to induce a pulmonary invasion of short-lived polymorphonuclear neutrophils and apoptosis of alveolar epithelial type 2 (AT2) cells. Apoptotic cells are removed by alveolar macrophages (AMΦ). We hypothesized that chest trauma alters the phagocytic response of AMΦ as well as the mediator release of AMΦ during phagocytosis. To(More)