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Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress causes neuronal dysfunction followed by cell death and is recognized as a feature of many neurodegenerative diseases. Using a phenotypic screen, we recently identified benzodiazepinone derivatives that reduce ER stress-mediated apoptosis in a rat neuronal progenitor cell line (CSM14.1). Herein we describe how(More)
We report a case of a female infant with a de novo deletion of the short arm of chromosome 9, sex reversal, and an apparently intact SRY gene. Sex reversal has been reported in a number of subjects with a normal Y chromosome and a deletion of the terminal segment of the short arm of chromosome 9. The factors controlling early development of the male testes(More)
  • D A Grant
  • 1999
Birth is accompanied by a series of rapid adaptations of the cardiovascular system, one of the most notable being a doubling of left ventricular (LV) stroke volume. What makes this increase in LV stroke volume remarkable is that before birth the heart functions at a maximal level that cannot easily be increased with acute interventions such as volume(More)
The accumulation of unfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is caused by many disease-relevant conditions, inducing conserved signaling events collectively known as the unfolded protein response. When ER stress is excessive or prolonged, cell death (usually occurring by apoptosis) is triggered. We undertook a chemical biology approach for(More)
This study assessed whether sleep-dependent changes in the relationship between heart period (HP) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) occur in newborn life. Electrodes for electrocorticographic, electromyographic, and electrooculographic monitoring and an arterial catheter for blood pressure recordings were implanted in 11 newborn lambs. HP and MAP(More)
Myocardial dysfunction is a major consequence of septic shock and contributes to the high mortality of sepsis. We have previously reported that glucan phosphate (GP) significantly increased survival in a murine model of cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced sepsis. In the present study, we examined the effect of GP on cardiac dysfunction in CLP-induced(More)
A long-term feeding study was carried out in rats with sodium nitrite. The test substance was administered as part of a reduced-protein diet to groups of 50, 6-wk-old, male F344 rats at dose levels of 0.2 or 0.5% (w/w) sodium nitrite for up to 115 wk. A control group of 20 males received the reduced-protein diet alone. Throughout the study, there was a(More)
The identification of nonporphyrin ligands for the orphan nuclear receptor Rev-erbα will enable studies of its role as a heme sensor and regulator of metabolic and circadian signaling. We describe the development of a biochemical assay measuring the interaction between Rev-erbα and a peptide from the nuclear receptor corepressor-1 (NCoR). The assay was(More)
The Frank-Starling Law accounts for many changes in cardiac performance previously attributed to changes in contractility in that changes in contractility might have been incorrectly inferred from changing ventricular function curves (i.e. systolic performance plotted against filling pressure) if diastolic compliance also changed. To apply the(More)
Little is known of the factors that regulate CBF in sleep. We therefore studied 10 lambs to assess the vasodilatory processes that underlie cerebral autoregulation during sleep. Lambs, instrumented to measure CBF (flow probe on the superior sagittal sinus), sleep state, and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), were rapidly made hypotensive by inflating a cuff(More)