Daniel Grančai

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Proteases play a key role in a variety of pathologies, including cancer, pancreatitis and thrombosis. Low molecular inhibitors can act as drugs to combat these pathologies. Twelve natural phenolic compounds and one alkaloid were evaluated. Quercetin was used as a standard in the in vitro tests on serine proteases (trypsin, thrombin and urokinase). Salicin(More)
Cornaceae plants are known for their edible berries, and their leaves are used as tea. In the present study aqueous leaf extracts from Cornus mas (CM), C. alba (CA), C. flaviramea (CF), C. kousa (CK), and C. officinalis (CO) were tested for their antiproliferative activity in human breast cancer cells (MCF-7). Dose- (50-750 µg/mL) and time (24, 48, 72(More)
The mutagenicity (bleaching activity) of ofloxacin (43 microM) and acridine orange (AO) (13.5 microM) in Euglena gracilis is inhibited by plant phenolics. Caffeic acid (CA), p-coumaric acid (PCA), ferulic acid (FA) and gentisic acid (GA) (25, 50, 100 and 250 microM) exhibited a significant concentration-dependent inhibitory effect against ofloxacin-induced(More)
PURPOSE There has been a considerable interest in the identification of natural plant foods for developing effective agents against cancer. Thus, the anti-tumour effects of oregano in the in vivo and in vitro breast cancer model were evaluated. METHODS Lyophilized oregano (ORE) was administered at two concentrations of 0.3 and 3 % through diet. The(More)
The extract of artichoke Cynara cardunculus L. (CCE) was investigated for its potential antigenotoxic and antioxidant effects using four experimental model systems. In the Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutagenicity/antimutagenicity assay, CCE significantly reduced the frequency of 4-nitroquinoline-N-oxide-induced revertants at the ilv1 locus and mitotic gene(More)
An extract of artichoke Cynara cardunculus L. (CCE) has been shown to exhibit antioxidant and antigenotoxic properties. In this study, the ability of CCE to inhibit the growth of L1210 and HL-60 leukemia cells was studied. Treatment of leukemia cells with a variety of concentrations of CCE (500-2500 microg/microL) for 24 h resulted in dose-dependent(More)
The selected plant extracts exhibited antibacterial activity. The strongest effect was manifested by extracts prepared from Gymnocladus dioicus, Amelanchier ovalis, Exochorda racemosa, Holodiscus discolor, Philadelphus microphyllus, Philadelphus coronarius and Pelargonium tabulare. The percentage inhibition of bacterial growth was 0-41.8%. In addition it(More)
A human transformed line of HeLa cells was treated with extracts prepared from Gymnocladus dioicus, Holodiscus discolor, Stephanandra tanakae, Ligustrum delavayanum, Ligustrum vulgare and Staphylea pinnata. The study evaluating the influence of the active extracts on HeLa cell division also reveals their acute, delayed and combined effect. A 35% degradation(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine whether the extract isolated from the artichoke Cynara cardunculus L. (ECC) had antimutagenic effect and was able to enhance the therapeutic effect of cytostatic drug cis-platinum (cis-Pt). METHODS The potential antimutagenic activity of ECC was assayed by a test on sex-linked recessive lethal(More)
Staphylea L. is a deciduous ornamental shrub that possesses significant cytotoxic and antibacterial activity, although the chemical composition of its extracts and the identity of the structures responsible for these biological activities are not yet known. In this study we have determined the total phenolic content in chloroform and ethyl acetate extracts(More)