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OBJECTIVE This study investigated the prevalence of nonalbuminuric chronic kidney disease in type 1 diabetes to assess whether it increases the risk of cardiovascular and renal outcomes as well as all-cause mortality. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This was an observational follow-up of 3,809 patients with type 1 diabetes from the Finnish Diabetic(More)
OBJECTIVE Many guidelines recommend reduced consumption of salt in patients with type 1 diabetes, but it is unclear whether dietary sodium intake is associated with mortality and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In a nationwide multicenter study (the FinnDiane Study) between 1998 and 2002, 2,807 enrolled adults with type 1(More)
We formed the GEnetics of Nephropathy-an International Effort (GENIE) consortium to examine previously reported genetic associations with diabetic nephropathy (DN) in type 1 diabetes. GENIE consists of 6,366 similarly ascertained participants of European ancestry with type 1 diabetes, with and without DN, from the All Ireland-Warren 3-Genetics of Kidneys in(More)
OBJECTIVE Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is involved in the process of vascular calcification. We investigated whether OPG is associated with the development and progression of diabetes complications in adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Serum OPG was measured in 1,939 adults with T1D participating in the Finnish Diabetic Nephropathy(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS An abnormal urinary albumin excretion rate (AER) is often the first clinically detectable manifestation of diabetic nephropathy. Our aim was to estimate the heritability and to detect genetic variation associated with elevated AER in patients with type 1 diabetes. METHODS The discovery phase genome-wide association study (GWAS) included(More)
Diabetic kidney disease, or diabetic nephropathy (DN), is a major complication of diabetes and the leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) that requires dialysis treatment or kidney transplantation. In addition to the decrease in the quality of life, DN accounts for a large proportion of the excess mortality associated with type 1 diabetes (T1D).(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the predictive value of urinary adiponectin (uADP) for the progression of diabetic nephropathy (DN) as well as for the principal determinants of uADP concentrations. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS uADP was measured in 2,090 patients with type 1 diabetes followed for a median of 5.8 (4.4-6.9) years and in 111 subjects without(More)
Patients with both type 1 diabetes and CKD have an increased risk of adverse outcomes. The competing risks of death and ESRD may confound the estimates of risk for each outcome. Here, we sought to determine the major predictors of the cumulative incidence of ESRD and pre-ESRD mortality in patients with type 1 diabetes and macroalbuminuria while(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS We studied the impact of baseline lipid variables on the progression of renal disease in a large nationwide prospective cohort of patients with type 1 diabetes. METHODS A total of 2,304 adult patients with type 1 diabetes and available lipid profiles participating in the Finnish Diabetic Nephropathy Study (FinnDiane) were evaluated. Data(More)
OBJECTIVE Poor glycemic control, elevated triglycerides, and albuminuria are associated with vascular complications in diabetes. However, few studies have investigated combined associations between metabolic markers, diabetic kidney disease, retinopathy, hypertension, obesity, and mortality. Here, the goal was to reveal previously undetected association(More)