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Recently, nitric oxide (NO) has emerged as an important modulator of several neuroendocrine events. Present studies were designed in order to evaluate the involvement of endogenous NO in the control of GH secretion. In a first set of experiments, in vivo pituitary responsiveness to the elicitors of GH release, GH-releasing hormone (GHRH), GH-releasing(More)
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of monocular enucleation on the calbindin-D 28k (CB) and c-Fos immunoreactive (IR) neurons in the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) complex of adult rats. The enucleation resulted in neuronal degeneration and decrease of neurons in the LGN complex. Our study demonstrated a decrease of CB-IR neuronal(More)
The significance of plasma protein binding on drug efficacy and, subsequently, the clinical relevance of changes in protein binding has been controversially discussed for decades. The uncertainty concerning the impact of plasma protein binding on a drug's pharmacological activity is, in part, related to the approach used when investigating and interpreting(More)
BACKGROUND Enterocutaneous fistulas arise as complications in 0.8%-2% of abdominal operations. The global mortality rate is 5%-37%, yet it may exceed 60% in the case of high-output fistulas and when sepsis and malnutrition are involved. The objective of this prospective cohort study with retrospective data analyses was to analyze our ten-year experience(More)
The role of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) in the control of prolactin (PRL) secretion was analysed in prepubertal male rats. In experiment 1, males of different ages were decapitated after administration of NMDA or vehicle. In experiment 2, 30-day-old males were killed at different times after administration of vehicle, NMDA, MK-801 (a non-competitive NMDA(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the developmental window in which E(2) exposure produces irreversible changes in ovarian function resulting in polycystic ovary. DESIGN Basic experimental study. SETTING University animal laboratory. ANIMAL(S) Thirty Sprague-Dawley rats were administered a single E(2) valerate dose (10 mg/kg of weight) at 1, 7, 14, 21, or 30(More)
The complexity of managing critically ill patients has increased since the early establishment of intensive care units in the 1950s. Despite of the fact that the number of drugs available to clinicians has increased, the understanding of the pharmacokinetics of individual drugs in specific disease states is still a matter of concern. Among the(More)
Many reports indicate that prolactin has a role in puberty occurrence. The present study was developed to evaluate the action of pituitary grafts on puberty. Female rats grafted on day 21 with "adult' (90 days old) or "young' (21 days old) pituitaries showed precocious vaginal opening and first estrus. The puberty advancement induced by "adult' transplants(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study is to assess sildenafil and N-desmethyl sildenafil (DMS) exposure in infants receiving sildenafil for the treatment of pulmonary hypertension (PH). STUDY DESIGN Data were collected from six infants receiving sildenafil for the treatment of PH and plasma samples were collected at the time of routine laboratory blood(More)
Candida infections are a leading cause of infectious disease-related death in children supported by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). The ECMO circuit can alter drug pharmacokinetics (PK); thus, standard fluconazole dosing may result in suboptimal drug exposures. The objective of our study was to determine the PK of fluconazole in children on(More)