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Recently, nitric oxide (NO) has emerged as an important modulator of several neuroendocrine events. Present studies were designed in order to evaluate the involvement of endogenous NO in the control of GH secretion. In a first set of experiments, in vivo pituitary responsiveness to the elicitors of GH release, GH-releasing hormone (GHRH), GH-releasing(More)
This study described the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) exposure of vancomycin in 8 children prescribed intravenous vancomycin therapy for cerebral ventricular shunt infection. Vancomycin CSF concentrations ranged from 0.06 to 9.13 mg/L and the CSF: plasma ratio ranged from 0 to 0.66. Two of 3 children with a staphylococcal CSF infection had CSF concentrations(More)
Activation of excitatory N-methyl-D-aspartate and kainate receptors evokes multiple and diverse neuroendocrine changes. We have previously shown that kainic acid (KA), an agonist of kainate receptors, inhibits prolactin (PRL) secretion in male rats when given systemically. In the present studies we have characterized this inhibitory action. KA inhibited in(More)
We have previously shown that administration of antiprogestin (AP) type II RU486 to ovariectomized (OVX) rats on the morning of pro-oestrus decreases the magnitude of preovulatory gonadotrophin surge. This suggests that the effect of RU486 on LHRH-dependent gonadotrophin release may be independent of its ability to block progesterone actions. The aim of the(More)
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of monocular enucleation on the calbindin-D 28k (CB) and c-Fos immunoreactive (IR) neurons in the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) complex of adult rats. The enucleation resulted in neuronal degeneration and decrease of neurons in the LGN complex. Our study demonstrated a decrease of CB-IR neuronal(More)
Antagonizing diestrous progesterone actions in cyclic rats by s.c. injections of the antiprogesterone RU486 (2 mg twice a day from metestrus through proestrus) increased LH and decreased FSH basal serum concentrations. Ovariectomy at metestrus (0800 h) increased serum levels of both gonadotropins in controls and reversed the RU486-induced dissociation of(More)
In this work we analyze the possibility of serotonin (5-HT)-releasing prolactin (PRL) through a direct action at the pituitary level. 5-HT (2 mg/kg i.v.) stimulates PRL secretion in hypophysectomized autotransplanted animals (HAG) significantly and this effect was not influenced by pretreatment with the dopaminergic antagonist domperidone. In perifused(More)
The significance of plasma protein binding on drug efficacy and, subsequently, the clinical relevance of changes in protein binding has been controversially discussed for decades. The uncertainty concerning the impact of plasma protein binding on a drug's pharmacological activity is, in part, related to the approach used when investigating and interpreting(More)
The complexity of managing critically ill patients has increased since the early establishment of intensive care units in the 1950s. Despite of the fact that the number of drugs available to clinicians has increased, the understanding of the pharmacokinetics of individual drugs in specific disease states is still a matter of concern. Among the(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study is to assess sildenafil and N-desmethyl sildenafil (DMS) exposure in infants receiving sildenafil for the treatment of pulmonary hypertension (PH). STUDY DESIGN Data were collected from six infants receiving sildenafil for the treatment of PH and plasma samples were collected at the time of routine laboratory blood(More)