Daniel Gildea

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The Proposition Bank project takes a practical approach to semantic representation, adding a layer of predicate-argument information, or semantic role labels, to the syntactic structures of the Penn Treebank. The resulting resource can be thought of as shallow, in that it does not represent coreference, quantification, and many other higher-order phenomena,(More)
We present a system for identifying the semantic relationships, or semantic roles, filled by constituents of a sentence within a semantic frame. Given an input sentence and a target word and frame, the system labels constituents with either abstract semantic roles such as AGENT or PATIENT, or more domain-specific semantic roles such as SPEAKER, MESSAGE, and(More)
In this paper, we propose a novel statistical language model to capture topic-related long-range dependencies. Topics are modeled in a latent variable framework in which we also derive an EM algorithm to perform a topic factor decomposition based on a segmented training corpus. The topic model is combined with a standard language model to be used for(More)
We describe a methodology for rapid experimentation in statistical machine translation which we use to add a large number of features to a baseline system exploiting features from a wide range of levels of syntactic representation. Feature values were combined in a log-linear model to select the highest scoring candidate translation from an n-best list.(More)
Most work in statistical parsing has focused on a single corpus: the Wall Street Journal portion of the Penn Treebank. While this has allowed for quantitative comparison of parsing techniques, it has left open the question of how other types of text might a ect parser performance, and how portable parsing models are across corpora. We examine these(More)
We generalize Uno and Yagiura’s algorithm for finding all common intervals of two permutations to the setting of two sequences with many-to-many alignment links across the two sides. We show how to maximally decompose a word-aligned sentence pair in linear time, which can be used to generate all possible phrase pairs or a Synchronous Context-Free Grammar(More)
Function words, especially frequently occurring ones such as (the, that, and, and of), vary widely in pronunciation. Understanding this variation is essential both for cognitive modeling of lexical production and for computer speech recognition and synthesis. This study investigates which factors affect the forms of function words, especially whether they(More)
We combine the strengths of Bayesian modeling and synchronous grammar in unsupervised learning of basic translation phrase pairs. The structured space of a synchronous grammar is a natural fit for phrase pair probability estimation, though the search space can be prohibitively large. Therefore we explore efficient algorithms for pruning this space that lead(More)
Systems based on synchronous grammars and tree transducers promise to improve the quality of statistical machine translation output, but are often very computationally intensive. The complexity is exponential in the size of individual grammar rules due to arbitrary re-orderings between the two languages, and rules extracted from parallel corpora can be(More)