Daniel Genné

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Actinobaculum schaalii is a new species that has so far been isolated from human blood, urine and pus. Its importance has probably been underestimated and other Actinobaculum spp. may also have been underdiagnosed. This retrospective study comprises all known cases of A. schaalii infections identified since 2004 in the canton of Neuchâtel (170,000(More)
BACKGROUND Stopping antiretroviral therapy in patients with HIV-1 infection can reduce costs and side-effects, but carries the risk of increased immune suppression and emergence of resistance. METHODS 430 patients with CD4-positive T-lymphocyte (CD4) counts greater than 350 cells per muL, and viral load less than 50 copies per mL were randomised to(More)
BACKGROUND Oral combination therapy with fluoroquinolones plus rifampicin is a promising alternative to standard parenteral therapy for staphylococcal infections. METHODS In a multicenter, randomized trial, we compared the efficacy, safety, and length of hospital stay for patients with staphylococcal infections treated either with an oral combination of a(More)
IMPORTANCE The clinical benefit of adding a macrolide to a β-lactam for empirical treatment of moderately severe community-acquired pneumonia remains controversial. OBJECTIVE To test noninferiority of a β-lactam alone compared with a β-lactam and macrolide combination in moderately severe community-acquired pneumonia. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Insulin resistance reduces the response to interferon alfa-based therapy of chronic hepatitis C patients. It has been speculated that improvement of insulin sensitivity might increase the chances of responding to treatment of such individuals. METHODS We started a multicenter clinical trial of retreatment of chronic hepatitis C patients,(More)
Antibiotics account for a substantial proportion of hospital drug expenditures and tend to be misused or overused, generating unnecessary costs and causing the emergence of resistant bacteria. Antibiotic use was evaluated in a one-day prevalence study performed on the surgical and medical wards of eight Swiss non-university hospitals. 173 of the 695(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of fever of unknown origin (FUO) in a cohort of HIV positive patients and to describe their evolution and the final diagnosis. The clinical records of 412 patients followed from January 1987 to December 1990 at our HIV outpatient clinic were reviewed: in 151 patients 255 episodes of fever had been(More)
In order to determine the causes of treatment failure in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) clinical trials, a MEDLINE search for all CAP studies published between 1990 and 1997 was performed. Prospective, randomized studies comparing the efficacy of two or more antibiotics in CAP were selected. Treatment failure was defined as persistent fever,(More)
During an eight week period in spring 2005, 10 cases of listeriosis were reported in a small area of northwest Switzerland (150,000 inhabitants). Eight cases were in older immunocompromised patients who became ill with bacteraemia (three deaths), and two cases were in pregnant women who had septic abortion. All cases were due to a serotype 1/2a isolate with(More)
BACKGROUND Efavirenz (EFV) causes neuropsychiatric side-effects and an unfavourable blood lipid profile. We investigated the effect of replacing EFV with etravirine (ETR) on patient preference, sleep, anxiety and lipid levels. METHOD Study participants did not complain of side-effects, had tolerated EFV for at least 3 months, with less than 50 copies/ml(More)