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Many lines of evidence implicate mitochondria in phenotypic variation: (a) rare mutations in mitochondrial proteins cause metabolic, neurological, and muscular disorders; (b) alterations in oxidative phosphorylation are characteristic of type 2 diabetes, Parkinson disease, Huntington disease, and other diseases; and (c) common missense variants in the(More)
We describe the 2-year follow-up of an open-label trial (CT-AMT-011-01) of AAV1-LPL(S447X) gene therapy for lipoprotein lipase (LPL) deficiency (LPLD), an orphan disease associated with chylomicronemia, severe hypertriglyceridemia, metabolic complications and potentially life-threatening pancreatitis. The LPL(S447X) gene variant, in an adeno-associated(More)
  • K Roddier, T Thomas, G Marleau, A M Gagnon, M J Dicaire, A St-Denis +8 others
  • 2005
BACKGROUND Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type 2 (HSAN2; MIM 201300) is a rare recessive neuropathy typically diagnosed in the first decade. The 1973 study of a French Canadian family led to the definition of HSAN2. OBJECTIVES To demonstrate that the apparent higher prevalence of HSAN2 in Quebec is due to the presence of two HSN2 mutations(More)
Personalized medicine uses various individual characteristics to guide medical decisions. Apolipoprotein (ApoE), the most studied polymorphism in humans, has been associated with several diseases. The purpose of this review is to elucidate the potential role of ApoE polymorphisms in personalized medicine, with a specific focus on neurodegenerative diseases,(More)
letter to the editor large budgets by various government agencies that have permitted intense collaboration among scientists as well as engagement of industry for the development of supporting technologies. The funding made available for these projects contrasts sharply with the relatively limited budgets that have been available for gene therapy research.(More)
Plasma lipid, lipoprotein levels and apolipoprotein apo E phenotypes were determined in 70 patients with myotonic dystrophy (MyD) and 81 controls. Marked differences were noticed in the apo E phenotype frequencies between the two groups. Plasma triglycerides and VLDL cholesterol were higher in MyD than controls, but only the latter was related to(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if 16 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in Europeans are also associated with T2DM in South Asians and Latinos and if they can add to the prediction of incident T2DM in a high-risk population. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In the EpiDREAM prospective cohort study, physical measures,(More)
OBJECTIVE Visceral fat (VF) increases cardiometabolic risk more than fat stored subcutaneously. Here, we investigated how well routine clinical measures of adiposity, namely body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (waist), predict VF and subcutaneous fat (SF) in a large population-based sample of adolescents. As body-fat distribution differs between(More)
Small, dense LDL particles have been associated with an increased risk of coronary artery disease, and cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) has been suggested to play a role in LDL particle remodeling. We examined the relationship between LDL heterogeneity and plasma CETP mass in familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). LDL particles were characterized by(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) gene (MEFV) encodes pyrin, a major regulator of the inflammasome platform controlling caspase-1 activation and IL-1beta processing. Pyrin has been shown to interact with the gene product of NLRP3, NALP3/cryopyrin, also an important active member of the inflammasome. The NLRP3 region was recently(More)