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Cancer metastasis is a highly coordinated and dynamic multistep process in which cancer cells undergo extensive interactions with various host cells before they establish a secondary metastatic colony. Ample morphological studies have documented the close association of circulating tumor cells with host platelets. Several lines of evidence provide strong(More)
Our previous work demonstrated that the 12-lipoxygenase metabolite of arachidonic acid, 12(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid [12(S)-HETE] induced a nondestructive and reversible retraction of cultured endothelial cells. In the current study we tested the hypothesis that tumor cells produce 12(S)-HETE during their interactions with endothelial cells which in(More)
Arachidonic acid metabolites have been implicated in multiple steps of carcinogenesis. Their role in tumor cell metastasis, the ultimate challenge for the treatment of cancer patients, are however not well-documented. Arachidonic acid is primarily metabolized through three pathways, i.e., cyclooxygenase, lipoxygenase, and P450-dependent monooxygenase. In(More)
We previously reported that a lipoxygenase metabolite of arachidonic acid, 12(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid [12(S)-HETE], induced large vessel endothelial cell (EC) retraction and increased tumor cell adhesion to exposed extracellular matrix (Honn et al., FASEB J. 3, 2285-2293, 1989). Here, we present evidence that 12(S)-HETE induces the retraction of(More)
Inadequate left atrial cuff surrounding donor pulmonary veins may present a technical challenge for successful lung transplantation. A simple technique for construction of venous anastomoses during lung transplantation when donor atrial cuff is lacking involves circumferential incorporation of surrounding donor pericardium into the anastomosis without(More)
12(S)-HETE, a lipoxygenase metabolite of arachidonic acid induced a nondestructive and reversible endothelial cell (EC) retraction. 12(S)-HETE induced EC retraction was inhibited by protein kinase C inhibitors calphostin C and staurosporine but not by the protein kinase A inhibitor H8. The role of EC integrins alpha v beta 3 and alpha 5 beta 1 in 12(S)-HETE(More)
PECAM-1 (CD31/EndoCAM) is an adhesion molecule in the immunoglobulin supergene family that is expressed on endothelial cells, platelets, and some hematopoietic lineage cells. In this paper, using several polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies against PECAM-1, we identified PECAM-1 molecules on human, rat, and murine solid tumor cell lines. Immunocytochemical(More)
We describe a case of hypotension on cardiopulmonary bypass for coronary artery bypass grafting, double valve repairs, and patent foramen ovale closure. The patient experienced vasoplegic syndrome while on cardiopulmonary bypass. He was treated with high-dose hydroxocobalamin (vitamin B12). His blood pressure responded rapidly, obviating any further(More)
Medical management remains the standard treatment modality for acute uncomplicated descending aortic dissections. Intervention (by either open surgery or an endovascular approach) is currently reserved for patients who present with or subsequently develop complications (ie, complicated dissections). Despite the success of medical therapy in the acute(More)