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PURPOSE We examined the impact of diabetes and hyperglycemia on cancer-specific survival of patients with metastatic or recurrent breast cancer (BC). METHODS We performed a retrospective analysis of 265 patients with advanced BC receiving palliative chemotherapy. BC-specific mortality was compared for diabetic and nondiabetic patients as well as for(More)
The first 3-fold multicomponent macrocyclizations of trifunctional building blocks were developed to produce, in one pot, cryptands, cages, and cryptophanes with peptoid tethers carrying additional recognition motifs. The straightforward, efficient, and diversity-oriented fashion by which these complex macromulticycles are obtained is suitable for building(More)
Multiple multicomponent macrocyclizations including bifunctional buildings blocks (MiBs) so far have relied almost exclusively on Ugi reactions. The efficient expansion to non-Ugi-MiBs is exemplified by the synthesis of tetra-beta-lactam and bis-alpha-acyloxy carboxamide macrocycles based on multiple Staudinger and Passerini three-component reactions (3CR),(More)
Eight new 5beta-hydroxy-spirostan-6-ones bearing hydroxy and amino functions in the A ring, i.e., 3beta-OH, 3alpha-OH, 2beta,3beta-OH, 2alpha,3beta-OH, 3beta-NH2, 2alpha-NH2-3beta-OH, 2beta-NH2-3beta-OH, and 2beta-OH-3beta-NH2, were efficiently synthesized, and their antiecdysteroid activities were evaluated on the metamorphosis bioassay of mosquito Aedes(More)
Utilizing the multiple multicomponent macrocyclization including bifunctional building blocks (MiB) strategy, a library of nonracemic, nonrepetitive peptoid-containing steroid-biaryl ether hybrid macrocycles was built. Up to 16 new bonds, including those of the macrocyclization, can be formed in one pot simultaneously while introducing varied elements of(More)
A variety of spirostan saponins and related glycosides were synthesized and evaluated for their cytotoxicity against the human myeloid leukemia cell line (HL-60). A linear glycosylation strategy allowed for accessing a variety of functionalization patterns at both the spirostanic and the saccharide moieties, which provides new information regarding the(More)