Daniel G. Lang

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1. The pharmacological sensitivities and physiological contributions of two types of Ca2(+)-activated K+ channels (BK and SK) in GH3 cells were examined by the outside-out, whole-cell and cell-attached modes of the patch-clamp technique. 2. BK channels (250-300 pS in symmetrical 150 mM-K+) in outside-out patches were blocked by external tetraethylammonium(More)
We have studied the electrophysiological properties of enzymatically dissociated adult pigeon semicircular canal type I (chalice shaped) and type II (cylindrical shaped) hair cells using whole cell patch clamp techniques. Under current clamp conditions, type I hair cells often exhibit more hyperpolarized resting potentials than type II hair cells, and type(More)
Single Ca2+-activated K+ channels were studied in membrane patches from the GH3 anterior pituitary cell line. In excised inside-out patches exposed to symmetrical 150 mM KCl, two channel types with conductances in the ranges of 250–300 pS and 9–14 pS were routinely observed. The activity of the large conductance channel is enhanced by internal Ca2+ and by(More)
1. Hair cells were enzymatically dissociated from the neuroepithelium (cristae ampullares) of the semicircular canals of white king pigeons (Columba livia). Those hair cells determined to be type II by an anatomic criterion, the ratio of the minimum width of the neck to the width of the cuticular plate, were studied with the use of the whole cell(More)
1. The ionic conductances present in putative type II hair cells enzymatically dissociated from the anterior, posterior, and lateral semicircular canal cristae of the white king pigeon (Columba livia) vestibule were studied under whole cell voltage clamp. 2. Two classes of voltage-dependent potassium conductances were distinguishable on the basis of the(More)
The high expression of MCH in the hypothalamus with the lean hypophagic phenotype coupled with increased resting metabolic rate and resistance to high fat diet-induced obesity of MCH KO mice has spurred considerable efforts to develop small molecule MCHR1 antagonists. Starting from a lead thienopyrimidinone series, structure-activity studies at the 3- and(More)
Single Ca2+-activated K+ channels were studied in membrane patches from the GH3 anterior pituitary cell line. We have previously demonstrated the coexistence of large-conductance and small-conductance (280 pS and 11 pS in symmetrical 150 mM K+, respectively) Ca2+-activated K+ channels in this cell line (Lang and Ritchie 1987). Here we report the existence(More)
Propranolol is a noncardioselective beta-adrenergic antagonist that has been recently reported to prolong the QTc interval on the surface electrocardiogram in humans when overdosed [Farhangi, V., Sansone, R.A. (2003). QTc prolongation due to propranolol overdose. Int. J. Psychiatry Med. 33, 201-202.]. To examine the underlying mechanisms for these clinical(More)
Genetic manipulation studies in mice at both the MCH receptor 1 (MCHR1) as well as the MCH peptide levels have implicated MCHR1 as a key player in energy homeostasis. The phenotype exhibited by these studies, that is, increased metabolic rate, resistance to high fat diet, and subsequent weight loss, has spurred considerable efforts to develop antagonists of(More)
Realism as an approach to thinking about politics in general and to international politics in particular has been challenged as no longer the best way to approach these subjects--if it ever was. To its critics, the realities which shaped its distinctive concerns have largely been superseded by new ones for which the realist world view provides little light(More)