Daniel G Chateau

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BACKGROUND Leaving hospital against medical advice may have adverse consequences. Previous studies have been limited by evaluating specific types of patients, small sample sizes and incomplete determination of outcomes. We hypothesized that leaving hospital against medical advice would be associated with increases in subsequent readmission and death. (More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS There are numerous gastroprotective strategies recommended for reducing the risk of upper gastrointestinal (GI) complications in long-term users of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The relative efficacy of the different strategies alone or in combination is uncertain. METHODS We used the Manitoba Population Health Research(More)
This study describes and compares the pattern of risk factor clustering in multiple metabolic (insulin resistance) syndrome (MMS) in three Canadian ethnic groups (Indians, Inuit, non-Aboriginal Canadians). Three cross-sectional, population-based sample surveys in three contiguous regions of Canada were conducted during the late 1980s and early 1990s(More)
BACKGROUND Although the importance of Papanicolaou (Pap) smear test screening in reducing the incidence of cervical cancer is well established, in 1994-95 one in 4 women in Manitoba aged 18 to 69 years reported never having had a Pap test or not having had a Pap test in the last 3 years. The objectives of this study were to examine the screening history of(More)
BACKGROUND The association between physical disorders and suicide remains unclear. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between physical disorders and suicide after accounting for the effects of mental disorders. METHOD Individuals who died by suicide (n = 2100) between 1996 and 2009 were matched 3:1 by balancing score to general(More)
This study examined the influence of a direct referral process implemented by a population-based provincial breast screening program on the time from screening to first procedure, first procedure to diagnosis, and screening to diagnosis following an abnormal breast screening result. The direct referral process shifted the responsibility for the coordination(More)
PURPOSE Intensive surveillance after curative treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC) is associated with improved overall survival. This study examined concordance with the 2005 ASCO surveillance guidelines at the population level. METHODS A cohort of 250 patients diagnosed with stage II or III CRC in 2004 and alive 42 months after diagnosis was identified(More)
OBJECTIVES The optimal screening measures for obesity in children remain controversial. Our study aimed to determine the anthropometric measurement at age 10 years that most strongly predicts the incidence of cardio-metabolic risk factors at age 13 years. SUBJECTS/METHODS This was a prospective cohort study of a population-based cohort of 438 children(More)
In the first longitudinal, population-based study of full-day kindergarten (FDK) outcomes beyond primary school in Canada, we used linked administrative data to follow 15 kindergarten cohorts (n ranging from 112 to 736) up to grade 9. Provincial assessments conducted in grades 3, 7, and 8 and course marks and credits earned in grade 9 were compared between(More)
OBJECTIVES We explored differences in health and education outcomes between children living in social housing and not, and effects of social housing's neighborhood socioeconomic status. METHODS In this cohort study, we used the population-based repository of administrative data at the Manitoba Centre for Health Policy. We included children aged 0 to 19(More)