Daniel Fraiman

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Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) techniques have contributed significantly to our understanding of brain function. Current methods are based on the analysis of gradual and continuous changes in the brain blood oxygenated level dependent (BOLD) signal. Departing from that approach, recent work has shown that equivalent results can be obtained by(More)
Brain "rest" is defined--more or less unsuccessfully--as the state in which there is no explicit brain input or output. This work focuses on the question of whether such state can be comparable to any known dynamical state. For that purpose, correlation networks from human brain functional magnetic resonance imaging are contrasted with correlation networks(More)
Recent work on functional magnetic resonance imaging large-scale brain networks under resting conditions demonstrated its potential to evaluate the integrity of brain function under normal and pathological conditions. A similar approach is used in this work to study a group of chronic back pain patients and healthy controls to determine the impact of long(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the impact of chronic pain on brain dynamics at rest. METHODS Functional connectivity was examined in patients with fibromyalgia (FM) (n = 9) and healthy controls (n = 11) by calculating partial correlations between low-frequency blood oxygen level-dependent fluctuations extracted from 15 brain regions. RESULTS Patients with FM(More)
Recent neuroimaging studies have demonstrated that the spontaneous brain activity reflects, to a large extent, the same activation patterns measured in response to cognitive and behavioral tasks. This correspondence between activation and rest has been explored with a large repertoire of computational methods, ranging from analysis of pairwise interactions(More)
We have constructed a stochastic model of the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor-Ca2+ channel that is based on quantitative measurements of the channel's properties. It displays the observed dependence of the open probability of the channel with cytosolic [Ca2+] and [IP3] and gives values for the dwell times that agree with the observations. The model(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Stroke and neurodegeneration cause significant brain damage and cognitive impairment, especially if the insular cortex is compromised. This study explores for the first time whether these 2 causes differentially alter connectivity patterns in the insular cortex. METHODS Resting state-functional magnetic resonance imaging data were(More)
Recent brain functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies have shown that chronic back pain (CBP) alters brain dynamics beyond the feeling of pain. In particular, the response of the brain default mode network (DMN) during an attention task was found abnormal. In the present work similar alterations are demonstrated for spontaneous resting patterns(More)
Puffs are localized Ca(2+) signals that arise in oocytes in response to inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3)). They are analogous to the sparks of myocytes and are believed to be the result of the liberation of Ca(2+) from the endoplasmic reticulum through the coordinated opening of IP(3) receptor/channels clustered at a functional release site. In this(More)
The study of spontaneous fluctuations of brain activity, often referred as brain noise, is getting increasing attention in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies. Despite important efforts, much of the statistical properties of such fluctuations remain largely unknown. This work scrutinizes these fluctuations looking at specific statistical(More)