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Radiologists can now use Talairach's bicommissural reference system and simple T-weighted sagittal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sections to recognize the central sulcus of the brain with its spatial features. In this study of 50 MRI examinations performed on normal subjects with contiguous 9 mm thick sagittal sections related to a standard proportional(More)
Our purpose was to investigate leukoaraïosis (LA) using three-dimensional MR imaging combined with advanced image-processing technology to attempt to group signal abnormalities according to their etiology. Coronal T2-weighted fast fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery (FLAIR) sequences and three-dimensional T1-weighted fast spoiled gradient recalled echo(More)
Seizures, which may be the main expression of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (CAVM) can be difficult to control medically. Our goal was to use perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI) in correlation with clinical data to detect abnormal areas of the cerebrum related to a particular type of CAVM (proliferative angiopathy) and to study the pathophysiology. We(More)
PURPOSE To define the morphological patterns of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) that influence their response to radiosurgery at 2 years. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the yearly MR and angiographic follow-up studies in 102 patients who had radiosurgical treatment for cerebral AVMs between 1990 and 1992. Parameters studied were maximum(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Hyperintense vessel sign (HVS) on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) has been described in hyperacute stroke patients with arterial occlusion. We sought to determine whether HVS was more frequent in patients with intracerebral arterial stenoses than in those without stenosis regardless of the presence of a brain infarct. (More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE On diffusion-weighted (DW) images, primary hematomas are initially mainly hyperintense, and then hypointense during the first few days after stroke onset. As in other brain disorders, variations in the T2 relaxation time of the hematoma influence the DW imaging signal intensity. Our aim was to evaluate the contribution of the T2(More)
Biological causes provoking dystonia can not be systematized, with the exception of the small group of levodopa-responsive dystonia. Therefore the pathophysiology of the dystonic syndrome can be approached by considering the site of the lesions. In 40 cases of uni or bilateral symptomatic dystonias, this site could be identified with CT Scan or MRI.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Brain hypervascular diseases are complex and induce hemodynamic disturbances on brain parenchyma, which are difficult to accurately evaluate by using perfusion-weighted (PWI) MR imaging. Our purpose was to test and to assess the best AIF estimation method among 4 patients with brain hypervascular disease and healthy volunteers. (More)
We describe two original cases of internal carotid artery dysgenesis associated with a malformative spectrum, which includes transsphenoidal encephalocele, optic nerve coloboma, hypopituitarism, and hypertelorism. Cephalic neural crest cells migrate to various regions in the head and neck where they contribute to the development of structures as diverse as(More)
The case of a female patient with two traumatic aneurysms diagnosed by serial angiography is reported. The first aneurysms, located on the orbito-frontal branch of the left anterior cerebral artery, was removed. The second aneurysm involving the right middle meningeal artery was treated by endovascular embolization. The causes and physiopathology of such(More)