Daniel Finley

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The proteasome is an intricate molecular machine, which serves to degrade proteins following their conjugation to ubiquitin. Substrates dock onto the proteasome at its 19-subunit regulatory particle via a diverse set of ubiquitin receptors and are then translocated into an internal chamber within the 28-subunit proteolytic core particle (CP), where they are(More)
When a chimeric gene encoding a ubiquitin-beta-galactosidase fusion protein is expressed in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, ubiquitin is cleaved off the nascent fusion protein, yielding a deubiquitinated beta-galactosidase (beta gal). With one exception, this cleavage takes place regardless of the nature of the amino acid residue of beta gal at the(More)
There is a growing need for techniques that can identify and characterize protein modifications on a large or global scale. We report here a proteomics approach to enrich, recover, and identify ubiquitin conjugates from Saccharomyces cerevisiae lysate. Ubiquitin conjugates from a strain expressing 6xHis-tagged ubiquitin were isolated, proteolyzed with(More)
The proteasome consists of a 20S proteolytic core particle (CP) and a 19S regulatory particle (RP), which selects ubiquitinated substrates for translocation into the CP. An eight-subunit subcomplex of the RP, the lid, can be dissociated from proteasomes prepared from a deletion mutant for Rpn10, an RP subunit. A second subcomplex, the base, contains all six(More)
Ubiquitin is a 76-residue protein highly conserved among eukaryotes. Conjugation of ubiquitin to intracellular proteins mediates their selective degradation in vivo. We describe a family of four ubiquitin-coding loci in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. UB11, UB12 and UB13 encode hybrid proteins in which ubiquitin is fused to unrelated ('tail') amino acid(More)
Conjugation of ubiquitin to intracellular proteins mediates their selective degradation in eukaryotes. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, four distinct ubiquitin-coding loci have been described. UBI1, UBI2, and UBI3 each encode hybrid proteins in which ubiquitin is fused to unrelated sequences. The fourth gene, UBI4, contains five ubiquitin-coding(More)
Proteasomes, the primary mediators of ubiquitin-protein conjugate degradation, are regulated through complex and poorly understood mechanisms. Here we show that USP14, a proteasome-associated deubiquitinating enzyme, can inhibit the degradation of ubiquitin-protein conjugates both in vitro and in cells. A catalytically inactive variant of USP14 has reduced(More)
We have identified proteins that are abundant in affinity-purified proteasomes, but absent from proteasomes as previously defined because elevated salt concentrations dissociate them during purification. The major components are a deubiquitinating enzyme (Ubp6), a ubiquitin-ligase (Hul5), and an uncharacterized protein (Ecm29). Ecm29 tethers the proteasome(More)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated protein degradation by the ubiquitin-proteasome system requires the dislocation of substrates from the ER into the cytosol. It has been speculated that a functional ubiquitin proteasome pathway is not only essential for proteolysis, but also for the preceding export step. Here, we show that short ubiquitin chains(More)
The proteasome is a multisubunit protease responsible for degrading proteins conjugated to ubiquitin. The 670-kDa core particle of the proteasome contains the proteolytic active sites, which face an interior chamber within the particle and are thus protected from the cytoplasm. The entry of substrates into this chamber is thought to be governed by the(More)